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Week 3 Culture ANTH 101

Week 3 Culture ANTH 101 - Exam Preparation Guide When is...

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Exam Preparation Guide When is the Quiz? February 7, Thursday; 09:30am, in class What is covered in the Quiz? All material (All Articles in the reading packet, lecture notes, and films) up to and including Week 3 (Culturally defined Self) What is the best strategy to study for the Quiz? Give priority to topics, themes, and terms covered both in reading packet and lectures Make sure you learn the terms and examples in the slides Spread out; read and take notes on the rest of the material What is the format of the Quiz? Multiple choice, True/False, Short-Answer
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Culture Definition of Culture What are the characteristics of culture? What are the functions of culture?
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The Concept of Culture The concept of culture has been talked about for centuries. Daily usage of culture vs. anthropological definition of culture Its meaning has typically been assumed rather than explained or understood Systematically defined in 1871 by a British anthropologist (Edward B. Tylor): culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society excellent definition and still usable problem is: it describes what culture is rather than explains what it is It is descriptive but it does not explain why those elements comprise culture, or why other elements are not included, or what those elements do. By the 1950s over 100 definitions of culture had been coined by anthropologists alone
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Concept of Culture (Cont’d) most definers confused or opposed behavior with ideas Now, an acceptable definition focuses on the values and beliefs that people use to interpret experience and guide behavior i.e., more the underlying rules and ideas inherent in the expressions of culture culture refers to the ideals, values, and beliefs shared by members of a society, that they use to interpret experience and generate behavior and that are reflected in their behavior
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Characteristics of Culture (1) 1. Culture is learned All culture is learned, not biologically transmitted Culture is learned through a process called enculturation enculturation: the process by which a society's culture is passed
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