36323 - August 2004 NREL/CP-520-36323 Conductive Atomic...

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August 2004 NREL/CP-520-36323 Conductive Atomic Force Microscopy Applied to CdTe/CdS Solar Cells H.R. Moutinho, R.G. Dhere, C.-S. Jiang, M.M. Al-Jassim, and L.L. Kazmerski Prepared for the 19 th European PV Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition Paris, France June 7–11, 2004 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337
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NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US Government and MRI retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States government or any agency thereof. Available electronically at http://www.osti.gov/bridge Available for a processing fee to U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, in paper, from: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information P.O. Box 62 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0062 phone: 865.576.8401 fax: 865.576.5728 email: mailto:reports@adonis.osti.gov Available for sale to the public, in paper, from: U.S. Department of Commerce National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 phone: 800.553.6847 fax: 703.605.6900 email: orders@ntis.fedworld.gov online ordering: http://www.ntis.gov/ordering.htm Printed on paper containing at least 50% wastepaper, including 20% postconsumer waste
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CONDUCTIVE ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY APPLIED TO CdTe/CdS SOLAR CELLS H.R. Moutinho, R.G. Dhere, C.-S. Jiang, M.M. Al-Jassim, and L.L. Kazmerski National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden CO 80401 USA Tel. 303-384-6457, Fax. 303-384-6604, e-mail: helio_moutinho@nrel.gov ABSTRACT: In this work we describe for the first time the use of conductive atomic force microscopy (C-AFM) in the study of CdTe/CdS solar cells, before and after the etching processes used in device fabrication. C-AFM is a new
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36323 - August 2004 NREL/CP-520-36323 Conductive Atomic...

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