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ENGRI111_2 - Nanotechnology Electronics If a device uses...

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    Nanotechnology: Electronics
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If a device uses electricity and you can tell it what to do by programming, there is a chip inside The most sophisticated chip is a microprocessor whose transistors can perform millions of instructions per second A microprocessor contains transistors and passives connected with each other and with the outside
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    Challenges Moore’s 1 st Law (Intel Corp.) Amount of space required to install a transistor on a chip shrinks by half every 18 months Space for 1 transistor 15 yrs ago can hold 1,000 today (good news) Moore’s 2 nd Law – Bad News Cost of building a factory (fab) doubles with every other chip generation (every 36 months) Cost ($Bs for fabs) Fundamental performance limits Revolution necessary -not just evolution Molecular or Nano Electronics?
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    Moore’s Law Dual Core Itanium 2: Unveiled July 2006, 1.7B Transistors
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    Nanoelectronics
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    Nanoelectronics Integrate - Makecontacts Contact resistance Makehigh density device
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