Lecture Notes_1 - PSYCH 101 Lecture Notes 05/10/2008...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PSYCH 101 Lecture Notes 05/10/2008 22:44:00 Lecture Notes 2007 Psych 101 Lecture; September 3, 2007 Applied Psychology - Using reciprocal concessions Social and Situational Influences on Critical Thinking and Behavior GROUP PRESSURE TO CONFORM 30% conformed the “line length comparison test” Bay of Pigs Debacle (1961) – No one disagreed w/President Kennedy Stadium crusade, “receive Baptism!” Non-intervention ex. Murder of Kitty Genovese 1964 Bystander Group Pressure at Work – group think Self-censorship of doubts Silence = consensus Mind guarding the leader o Avoid the “Shoot the Messenger” phenomenon” What happens if you are in trouble? The s moke-filled room Noticed Immediately Went for help Alone 66% 75% Group of 3 25% 10% Evacuation of the restaurant in real fire, 10 people died Effects of groups on non-intervention Presence of others: 1. Inhibits awareness 2. Leads to pluralistic ignorance and inaction 3. Diffusion of responsibility What happens if you are a bystander?
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The sudden Illness Went for Help Subject and Victim 85% Subject + 1 and Victim 62% Subject + 4 and Victim 31% Why bystander non-intervention? Diffusion of responsibility o Acts of omission o Acts of commission Alienation – who cares? Too much effort! Sadism – Oklahoma, San Diego, Albany, Two Cornell case histories, Tokyo Feelings of in adequacy Insensitivity to events o TV Mainstreaming o Misinterpretation of events (lovers’ quarrel; Clarkson) Countering Group Pressure A) As a victim – Break the diffusion B) As a “good Samaritan” bystander a. Think b. React appropriately, help or call for help c.The “helpful” alumnus; Oprah’s warning: “returning” $5 Bridie’s Dilemma Education is a key to providing help - Broken leg in dorm - C-town bridge bystanders: …suicide? Call for help - Beauty is a key for getting help?
Background image of page 2
Psych 101 Lecture; September 5, 2007 Social and Situational Influences on Critical Thinking and Behavior STEREOTYPED ROLES - “I’m the boss” mentality, therefore… “I don’t want to hear bad news…” Jan. 1986 MTI engineers reported to management: 36F vs. 53F MTI calls NASA and is rebuffed = The Challenger Disaster - “I don’t want to ask subordinates…” 4/26/1986 – The Chernobyl Meltdown – 15 Million Victims - “Don’t question me…” Captain in the Cockpit How we behave might be determined more by the situation than by personality… - Stanford Prison-Guard experiment (abuse power) - Abu Ghraib IDEOLOGIES - Religious appeals bring the ultimate in response Rev. Jim Jones (1970’s) Preached love, good works; faked faith healing. “Would you like to know the meaning of life?” “I will love you, be your family, … Praise god and follow me.” To Jonestown, Guyana. Nov. 18, 1978 – 93 suicides, 216 children.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 22

Lecture Notes_1 - PSYCH 101 Lecture Notes 05/10/2008...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online