SR_Summary_1 - Supplemental Reading Summary Psych 101 You...

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Supplemental Reading Summary Psych 101 You Know What They Say Alfie Kohn Thesis: Psychological research about adages. Cry and you cry alone. True. Depressed people tend to seek help from others, but their behavior drives people away. Spare the rod and spoil the child. False. Physical punishment causes aggressive behavior rather than suppresses misbehavior. The squeaky wheel gets the grease. True. People get higher salaries when they demand it (Brenda Major). Action speaks louder than words. True. We judge the character of others basing on their behavior (Amabile); children tend to learn from adult’s deeds when the adults’ actions do not match their advice Beauty is only skin deep. False. We do relate beauty to good personalities (Dion, Berscheid and Hatfield). What’s more, attractiveness is related to the perception and reality of serious mental disorders (Jones, O’Grady). Beauty is as beauty does. True. The more favorably people are described, the better-looking they are judged to be (only true for women). (Gross and Crofton) Marry in haste, repent at leisure.
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Familiarity breeds contempt. Partly true. Most of us seem to find things more likable as we got used to them (Zajonc), but too much familiarity makes things less pleasant (Hargreaves). He who lives by the sword dies by the sword. True. Of gunshot deaths, most are residents rather than intruders (Seattle). You’re never too old to learn vs. You can’t teach an old dog new tricks People learn new things their whole lives through, but aging does make the process somewhat harder. However, appropriate training in learning skills can compensate for that. Absence makes the heart grow fonder vs. Out of sight, out of mind. Separation intensifies your feelings about your lover. If you felt positively, absence will allow you to cling to an idealized version of the person. However, absence makes the heart grow colder when your feelings start out negative. Bird of a feather flock together vs. Opposites attract People are more like birds than magnets. People who share the same racial, religious and economic backgrounds usually flock together. Behavioral Study of Obedience Stanley Milgram Overview The Milgram experiment was a seminal series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram, which measured the willingness of study participants to obey an authority figure who instructed them to perform acts that conflicted with their personal conscience. Experiment procedure Described during lecture. Results Subjects accept situation as a real experiment. Signs of extreme tension delivering high voltage shocks. Distribution of scores: of 40 objects, 35 delivered a shock beyond 300V, and 26
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SR_Summary_1 - Supplemental Reading Summary Psych 101 You...

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