43-54 - 03/12/2007 18:09:00 43 Why do people smoke? Social...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
03/12/2007 18:09:00 43 Why do people smoke? Social rewards 1 in 3 early smokers develop physiological addiction to nicotine o trigger release of dopamine etc, and nicotine take away unpleasant  cravings and delivers rewards How do smokers quit? Setting a date Informing family and friends of decision Removing cigarettes Reviewing successful strategies Nicotine patch/gum Abstaining from smoking and drinking Exercising How to stop young people? Provide information about effects Educate about peer/parent/media Use modeling and role playing to teach refusal skills Our body’s fat storing: Adaptive advantage o Fuel reserve to be used during famine
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Modern-day disadvantage o World of easily accessible food Obesity Body mass index of 30 or more Increased risks o High blood pressure o Heart disease o Diabetes Social effects o Bias in hiring and career opportunities o Poor romantic and family relationships Heredity factors o People differ in number and size of fat cells and metabolic rates  (inherited trait) o Once someone gains weight, fat cells multiply, less energy needed to  maintain fat tissue than muscle Environment factors o Eating high-calorie foods o Sedentary life Kelly Brownell Director of Yale’s Center for Eating and Weight Disorders Wants to put tax on unhealthy foods 47
Background image of page 2
psychological disorder Deviant, distressful and dysfunctional behavior patterns o Standards vary by culture and time period Biological influences o Evolution o Individual genes o Brain structure and chemistry Psychological influences o Stress o Trauma o Learned helplessness o Mood-related perceptions and memories Social Cultural Influences o Roles o Expectations o Definitions of  normality  and  disorder ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder o Appear by age 7 o Very controversial as to whether it is actually a disorder Symptoms
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Inattention o Hyperactivity o Impulsivity Moral treatment Under Philippe Pinel’s influence –early 1800s Hospitals sponsored patient dances Medical model Concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated  and cured Assumes that mental illnesses can be diagnosed by symptoms and cured  through therapy Biopsychosocial approach Assumes disordered behavior arises from genetic predispositions and  physiological states Inner psychological dynamics Socio-cultural circumstances DSM-IV American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of  Mental Disorders System for classifying psychological disorders (400) o Defines structured interview technique o Reliability is high Labeling
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 19

43-54 - 03/12/2007 18:09:00 43 Why do people smoke? Social...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online