Prelim 2 Lecture - Worst quality iner tia Most like to have in next bed Julian Least likes to have in next bed Pete Orderly and self-discipline 7

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Unformatted text preview: Worst quality: iner tia Most like to have in next bed? Julian Least likes to have in next bed? Pete Orderly and self-discipline: 7 Quiet, Shy and reser ved: 6 Messy, disorganized, unstructured: 3 Agreeable, nice and kind: 8 Tough, argumentative and critical: 6 Overcommitted and in a hurr y: 5 Genuine, self-confident, at peace: 9 Psych 101 Lecture; October 10, 2007 Did Jim do ESP, Cold Reading or Stage Magic?- Stage magic/Mentalism? Examples of “Psychic Powers” • How were the Subjects selected? o At random? Did you really observe my reading of the name cards? Why was Greg absent? He’s not a student anymore. Failures make it believable. Was subject’s name on a card? Naturalistic Observations 1) Observe a representative sample 2) Observe all relevant factors 3) Make unbiased observations o Rosenthal: Pygmalion in the class room o Rosenhan: being Sane in Insane places 4) Do not Disturb the behavior o Hide from sight o Become a participant observer Blue-Collar Journal: John Coleman Dish washer, Ditch Digger, Garbage Man Observing mental patients Observing hospital staff Rosenhan: hearing voices (empty, dull, thud) o Become a permanent fixture Secondary Records Research • History of anorexia in young women (Diaries) • When do sharks attack? (hospital records) • Violent behavior of sport fans (newspapers) • Yields only correlated relationships o No cause-effect proof Child Development Organized vs. Spontaneous Play Psych 101 Lecture; October 12, 2007 Child Development - Secondary records Research Organized vs. Spontaneous Play • Organized sports + Good fields, uniforms, coaching, competition (life skills)- Adult interference, pressure • Spontaneous play + Independence (life skill), lack of pressure- Poor fields, no uniforms, lack of coaching Naturalistic observations: Advantages: 1. Behavior is natural 2. A method for studying some phenomena 3. Good for exploratory research Disadvantages: 1. Difficult to observe everything 2. What do secondary records omit? 3. Potential Inefficiency 4. Alternative explanations are possible e.g. 8/6/1966 NYC: Record birthrates (the Great Northeast Blackout – 11/9/65) Boston: the broken chandelier India: Rural electricity (up) and birthrates (down) Dr. Bloch’s wart removal machine Yellowstone Park: old faithful 5. Inappropriate for studying cognitive processes (e.g. attitudes) Konrad Lorenz 1973 Nobel Prize in Medicine- Imprinting in gosling 12-16h Application -- Father Goose Can Migration be taught to Transplanted Endangered Species? (Trumpeter swans and whooping cranes) Imprinting by micro-light aircraft Systematic Assessment: Personality and Ability Tests Case Histories Public Opinion Surveys Psych 101 Lecture; October 15, 2007 Naturalistic observations: Systematic Assessment: Personality and Ability Tests Case Histories Public Opinion Surveys The Bell Personality Style Test What does it measure? Seven personality styles Predicts: successful adjustment in friendship, marriage, sex, parenting, careers...
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2009 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Maas, j during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Prelim 2 Lecture - Worst quality iner tia Most like to have in next bed Julian Least likes to have in next bed Pete Orderly and self-discipline 7

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