Psych_101_Prelim_II - Psych 101 Prelim II Studies How to...

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Psych 101 Prelim II Studies How to …uh…remember- Gordon Bower -use mnemonics to improve memory -loci, pegword, stories, code for memories Extraordinary People- Darold Treffert -Savant Syndrome - eidetic imagery - person can see image long after it’s gone -factors: heredity, sensory deprivation, impaired ability to think abstractly, compensation for defects, damage to left brain hemisphere (savants usu. Have right brain dominance) The Truth about TV- Phil Catalfo -1-2 hours per day -can be ok…best if made interactive Adolescence: Whose Hell is it? -teens aren’t as bad as they are perceived to be -parents need to stay involved -puberty began 6 years later in 1850 How Advertising Can Use Psychology’s Rules of Learning -objective of advertising is for people to learn / remember something…this involves the principles of psychology Module 6 Behavior Genetics and Evolutionary Psychology Environment- every nongenetic influence Behavior genetics- the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior Chromosomes- threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes DNA- contains the genetic info Genes- the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein Genome- the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organism’s chromosomes Identical twins- twins who develop from single fertilized egg fraternal twins- separate eggs
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gene complexes- many genes acting in concert temperament- a person’s characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity heritability- the proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes self regulating- changes based on different situations interaction- when the effect of one factor (environment) depends on another factor (heredity) molecular genetics- the subfield of biology that studies the molecular structure and function of genes evolutionary psychology- the study of the evolution of behavior and the mind using principles of natural selection natural selection mutation- random error in gene replication that leads to a change Module 7 Environmental Influences on Behavior Selection effect- seeking out peers with similar attitudes and interests Culture- the behaviors, ideas, attitudes, values, and traditions shared by a group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next Norm- rule for accepted and expected behavior…”proper” Personal space Individualism- giving priority to one’s own goals over group goals; defining one’s identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identification Collectivism- giving priority to the goals of one’s group and defining one’s identity accordingly Family self- what shames / honors the child, shames / honors the family Aggression X-chromosome Y-chromosome- Testosterone- male sex hormone, stimulates male sex organs’
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Role- a set of expectations about a social position, defining how those in the position
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2009 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Maas, j during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Psych_101_Prelim_II - Psych 101 Prelim II Studies How to...

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