Supplemental_Readings_Summaries2

Supplemental_Readings_Summaries2 - Psych 101 Prelim 2...

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Psych 101 09/11/2007 15:38:00 Prelim 2 Review – Supplemental Readings The Trouble with Hypnosis  by Keith Harary Main Point: Hypnosis isn’t a real thing… People have claimed that hypnosis has let people: have operations without  anesthesia, dislodge buried repressed memories, treat warts, quit smoking,  cause weight loss, alleviate longstanding phobias The Scientific Problem: o There is no clear definition of “hypnosis” in the scientific literature  people call many different things hypnosis o There has been no proven state of consciousness that is associated  with hypnosis (i.e. brain waves don’t change at all from normal) o The process of hypnotic induction (hypnotizing people) is not  standardized (people can do anything) When people aren’t “hypnotized” but given similar direct commands in by an  authoritative figure, results have been just as successful as being hypnotized The people who come to be hypnotized really want the hypnosis to work and  therefore play along/role play with the hypnotist and believe the results and  make the change Hypnosis is more like a placebo effect   if you want it to work and believe it  will work   it can (but the idea of a change in your brain or a trance is false) It has been found that hypnosis does not lead people to accurately remember  repressed events from the past   may lead to confusion and people making  stuff up however “Hypnosis’s influence resides more in a power transaction between hypnotist  and subject than it does in some hypothetical para-normal state of  consciousness. Flights of Memory  by Minouche Kandel This article discusses the idea of repressed memories especially the  biological reasons why it might be realistic in some instances Before the 1970s pretty much anyone could get away with sexual abuse In the 1980s people began accusing people of sexual abuse based on  repressed memories
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The Idea is that the mind can repress traumatic experiences as a coping  experience that can be remembered much later when the trauma or traumatic  time has dissipated This article argues that there is a biological foundation for the idea of  repressed memories and we should not entirely discount their validity  because there is some evidence. Hidden Messages
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2009 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Maas, j during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Supplemental_Readings_Summaries2 - Psych 101 Prelim 2...

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