Lecture6_Standards _ Liability

Lecture6_Standards _ Liability - Lecture 6 Legal Issues:...

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Lecture 6 Legal Issues: Standards & Liability
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Performance vs. Design Standards What is the difference between a performance standard and a design standard? All cars shall get at least 30 mpg All cars shall have seat belts Most government standards are design standards Why?
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Voluntary vs. Mandatory Standards Voluntary standards are usually adopted by manufacturers or suppliers (Consensus Standards) CD formats Windows operating system standards
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Voluntary Standards Some private sector organizations that issue consensus standards National Electrical Manufacturer’s Association (NEMA) American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) (ANSI) The American National Standards Institute coordinates most voluntary standards in the US. It is a private, non-profit organization
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ISO Standards (http://www.iso.org/) ISO standards contribute to making the development, manufacturing and supply of products and services more efficient, safer and cleaner They make trade between countries easier and fairer. They provide governments with a technical base for health, safety and environmental legislation. ISO standards also serve to safeguard consumers, and users in general, of products and services - as well as to make their lives simpler.
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ISO 9000 (http://www.iso.org/) More than half a million organizations in more 149 countries are implementing ISO 9000 which provides a framework for quality management throughout the processes of producing and delivering products and services for the customer. ISO 9000 has become an international reference for quality requirements in business to business dealings. ISO 9000 is concerned with " quality management ". This means what the organization does to enhance customer satisfaction by meeting customer and applicable regulatory requirements and continually to improve its performance in this regard.
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International Voluntary Standards International Organization for Standardization (ISO) ISO 9000:2000 Quality Management Systems (fundamentals and vocabulary) ISO 9001:2000 Quality Management Systems (requirements) ISO 9004:2000 Quality Managements Systems (guidelines for performance improvement)
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ISO 14000 (http://www.iso.org/) ISO 14000 is primarily concerned with " environmental management ". This means what the organization does to minimize harmful effects on the environment caused by its activities, and continually to improve its environmental performance.
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ISO Standards (http://www.iso.org/) International standardization began in the electrotechnical field: the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) was established in 1906. Pioneering work in other fields was carried out by the International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations (ISA), which was set up in 1926. The emphasis within ISA was laid heavily on mechanical engineering. ISA's activities came to an end in 1942.
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ISO Standards (http://www.iso.org/) In 1946, delegates from 25 countries met in
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2009 for the course ECE 4001 taught by Professor Frazier during the Spring '09 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Lecture6_Standards _ Liability - Lecture 6 Legal Issues:...

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