week 8.2 Nationalism and Resistence in China - Nationalism...

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Nationalism and Resistance in ChinaDr. WANG JinpingOctober 10, 2014
Sick Man of Asia1903 – used as a description of Chinese (disparaging aroused nationalism)Fists of FuryBut it has become deeply embedded in Chinese culture as part of the narrative of humiliationBruce Lee:Sick Man of East Asia(anti-Japanese sentiment)
Outline Nationalist ideas and practices in the early 20th-century China:ReformRebellionRevolutionSocio-cultural movementAnti-Japanese warSame goalsGetting rid of the imperialist encroachmentBuilding a strong, centralized state
Nationalism: Reforms and RebellionsThe Hundred Day’s Reform, 1898Led by Confucian scholars Kang Youwei and Liang QichaoEmulated the Meiji RestorationSupported by Emperor GuangxuSuppressed by CixiThe Boxer Rebellion (1898-1900)Led by anti-Christian peasantsSlogan--“Assist the Qing to destroy foreigners 扶清滅洋”Supported by Cixi Suppressed by the Eight-Nation Alliance, 1900
The Qing “New Policies,” 1901-11Abolishing the civil service examination system, 1905Westernized New ArmyConstitutionResult--no real effectSolution to China’s “ills”Top-down reforms led by Qing rulers and officials Bottom-up rebellions by peasants
Nationalism: RevolutionAnti-Qing and anti-imperialism nationalism Radical young students Sun Yat-sen 孫中山 (1866-1925)Oversea ChineseWestern-educated eliteTwo-step approachOverthrow the QingBuild a modern nation-state“In order to restore our national independence, we must first restore the Chinese nation. In order to restore the Chinese nation, we must drive the barbarian Manchus backs to the Changbai Mountains. In order to get rid of the barbarians, we must first overthrow the present tyrannical, dictatorial, ugly, and corrupt Qing government. Fellow, countrymen, a revolution is the only means to overthrow the Qing government!”
1911 Revolution 辛亥革命

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