COLLAPSE STUDY GUIDE - Collapse Study Guide Systems Theory...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Collapse Study Guide Systems Theory – Discusses stability and change in cultural systems in terms of many interlocking factors. Subsystems – systems within the larger system, the number of interrelated entities or components that interact with themselves but affect the larger system. Homeostasis – when the subsystem is kept unchanged through negative feedback. Negative Feedback – when a variable in the system changes, and the response of the system is to reverse the change. Positive Feedback – when a variable in the system changes, and the response is to change the variable even more in the same direction. Law of Diminishing Returns – if one factor in production is increased, and the others remain the same, then overall returns will decrease. After a certain point, the cost of adding more production will eventually outpace the benefit from adding it. Bread and Circus Example – any level of activities undertaken to appease a mob eventually becomes the expected minimum levels of appeasement. Cognitive Dissonance – Holding a belief plainly obviously at odds with the evidence, usually because the belief is deeply embedded. Pain Avoidance – people’s decision making seems to be strongly influenced by a fear of pain, regret, or shame people will often make irrational decisions to avoid regret. Loss Aversion – people are more averse to losing money than they are happy gaining it. Economic Irrationality – when people behave in ways that go against their own economic interest.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course ANT 292 taught by Professor Reber during the Fall '07 term at University of North Carolina Wilmington.

Page1 / 4

COLLAPSE STUDY GUIDE - Collapse Study Guide Systems Theory...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online