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AncientJewishHistoryMidterm - CollaredRimJar culture,...

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Ancient Jewish History Midterm Review Collared-Rim Jar : A Pottery assemblages are particularly important to the study of the Israelite material culture, its divergence from the Canaanite or Philistine material cultures of the same period, the chronology of the sites, and the regional differences among the settlement zones. In the central hills, from the fringes of the Jezreel valley to the Hebron hills, the so-called collared rim jar is the most common. It is large (averaging about 1.2 meters high) and ovoid, with sloping shoulders, a tall narrow neck, a folded rim, and a prominent ridge (collar) around the base of the neck. It is so characteristic of the Israelite settlement sites that it has often been termed the settlement jar, which may be misleading, as it seems to have first appeared in the Canaanite culture of the Lat Bronze Age (one certain example has been found at Aphek) and was probably passed on from the Canaanites to the Israelites, who made it the hallmark of their pottery assemblage. This type of pithos is also quite common in Transjordan, especially at the large site of Sahab, which does not appear to be Israelite. The presence of such pithoi at Meggido, Tell Qasile, and Tell Keisan provides firther evidence for their distribution outside the Israelite settlement sphere. In the Galilee, such jars have been found only at Dan and may reflect the special ties between the tribe of Dan and the central regions, from where it had migrated, according to biblical traditions A The so-called collared-rim jars of the Iron Age I suggest that the Israelite tribe of Dan might have settled in the Canaanite city of Laish at the end of the second millennium BCE. A Collared-rim jars were found half broken, used to transport things, and lasted very long time. It was discovered in a dry environment, which explains why it lasted so long A Found a little after the Bronze age. Canaanites : A According to Biblical texts, they were the original land-dwellers of Israel. It refers to the people living in parts or all of the region between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea (land west of the Jordan) in antiquity. The Hebrew Bible lists borders for the land of Canaan in Numbers 34:3-12. A The Israelite tribes during the period of the guidance and leadership of Moses and Joshua mainly had to contend with nomadic tribes; in their contacts with such groups, they absorbed some of the attitudes and motifs of the nomadic way of life, such as independence, a love of freedom to move about, and fear of or disdain for the way of life of settled, agricultural, and urban peoples. A The Canaanites, with whom the Israelites came into contact during the conquest by Joshua and the period of the Judges, were a sophisticated agricultural and urban people.
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