Pottery assemblages are particularly important to the study of the Israelite material
culture, its divergence from the Canaanite or Philistine material cultures of the same
period, the chronology of the sites, and the regional differences among the settlement
In the central hills, from the fringes of the Jezreel valley to the Hebron hills, the
collared rim jar
is the most common.
It is large (averaging about 1.2 meters
high) and ovoid, with sloping shoulders, a tall narrow neck, a folded rim, and a prominent
ridge (collar) around the base of the neck.
It is so characteristic of the Israelite settlement
sites that it has often been termed the settlement jar, which may be misleading, as it
seems to have first appeared in the Canaanite culture of the Lat Bronze Age (one certain
example has been found at Aphek) and was probably passed on from the Canaanites to
the Israelites, who made it the hallmark of their pottery assemblage.
This type of pithos
is also quite common in Transjordan, especially at the large site of Sahab, which does not
appear to be Israelite.
The presence of such pithoi at Meggido, Tell Qasile, and Tell
Keisan provides firther evidence for their distribution outside the Israelite settlement
In the Galilee, such jars have been found only at Dan and may reflect the special
ties between the tribe of Dan and the central regions, from where it had migrated,
according to biblical traditions
The so-called collared-rim jars of the Iron Age I suggest that the Israelite tribe of Dan
might have settled in the Canaanite city of Laish at the end of the second millennium
Collared-rim jars were found half broken, used to transport things, and lasted very long
time. It was discovered in a dry environment, which explains why it lasted so long
Found a little after the Bronze age.
According to Biblical texts, they were the original land-dwellers of Israel. It refers to the
people living in parts or all of the region between the Jordan River
and the Mediterranean
(land west of the Jordan) in antiquity.
The Hebrew Bible
lists borders for the land of
Canaan in Numbers 34:3-12.
The Israelite tribes during the period of the guidance and leadership of Moses and Joshua
mainly had to contend with nomadic tribes; in their contacts with such groups, they
absorbed some of the attitudes and motifs of the nomadic way of life, such as
independence, a love of freedom to move about, and fear of or disdain for the way of life
of settled, agricultural, and urban peoples.
The Canaanites, with whom the Israelites came into contact during the conquest by
Joshua and the period of the Judges, were a sophisticated agricultural and urban people.
The name Canaan means "Land of Purple" (a purple dye was extracted from a murex