Definitions for final

Definitions for final - Definitions from chapters...

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Definitions from chapters 2,7,8,9,10,12,13,16 for Final: Chapter 2: Benchmarking – the process of finding a company that is superior in a particular area, studying what it does, and gathering ideas for improving one’s own operation in that area. Deduction – an approach to theory development based on modeling. Induction – an approach to theory development based on observation and description. Although the process of induction is useful, it is subject to observer bias and misperception. Just-in-time – (1) a method for optimizing processes that involves continual reduction of waste; (2) the Toyota Motor Company production system; (3) an umbrella term that encompasses several Japanese management techniques. Parallel processing in focused teams – performing work simultaneously rather than sequentially. Pareto’s law (the 80/20 rule) – 80 percent of the problems are a result of 20 percent of the causes. Quality at the source – a method of process control whereby each worker is responsible for his or her won work and performs needed inspections at each stage of the process. Reengineering – (1) a method for making rapid, radical changes to a company’s organization and processes; (2) taking apart a competitor’s products to see how they are designed and then designing similar products. Sequential or departmental approach to design – an approach to design that requires product designers, marketers, process designers, and production managers to work through organizational lines of authority to perform work. Chapter 7: Basic prototype – nonworking mock-up of a product that can be reviewed by customers prior to acceptance. Change – in the context of quality management, this means to move from one state of operation to another state of operation. Complementary products – products that use similar technologies and can coexist in a family of products. Component reliability – the propensity for a part to fail over a given time. Computer-aided design (CAD) system – a system for digitally developing product designs.
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Computer-aided inspection (CAI) – a system for performing inspection through the use of technology. For example, some systems use infrared to detect defects. Computer-aided testing (CAT) – technology for conducting tests or examinations. Concurrent engineering – the simultaneous performance of product design and process design. Typically, concurrent engineering involves the formation of cross-functional teams. This allows engineers and managers of different disciplines to work together simultaneously in developing product and process designs. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) – an independent federal regulatory agency that helps keep American families safe by reducing the risk of injury or death from consumer products. Criticality –
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