Nov. 24 slides

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Unformatted text preview: The
Fall
of
the
Qing
and
the
Rise
 of
a
New
China
 Today’s
Topics
 •  Internal
Threats
 –  Hong
Xiuquan
and
the
Taiping
Rebellion
 •  Chinese
humiliaAon
at
the
end
of
the
Dynasty
 –  1st
Sino‐Japanese
War
(1894‐95)
 –  Boxer
Rebellion
 •  Fall
of
the
Qing
and
the
Warlord
period
 •  Efforts
to
“save”
China
 –  New
Culture
Movement
and
May
4th
Movement
 Taiping
Rebellion
(1850‐1864)
 •  •  •  •  AnA‐Manchu
peasant
uprising
 Leader:

Hong
Xiuquan

 Threat
to
internal
poliAcal
and
social
stability
 Consequences
of
rebellion:
 –  Rise
of
regional
armies
and
greater
regional
 autonomy
 –  End
of
Manchu
dominaAon
of
military
 establishment
 •  What
other
millenarian
rebellions
and
peasant
 uprisings
repeatedly
threatened
the
poliAcal
 stability
of
China
throughout
its
history?


 •  In
modern
Ames,
the
Chinese
government
has
 been
suspicious
of
grassroots
religious
 movements,
including
groups
like
the
 Falungong,
a
Daoist/marAal
arts
inspired
 movement.

Why
might
this
be
so?
 Chinese
HumiliaAon
at
the
end
of
the
 Qing
Dynasty
 •  IndigniAes
of
the
Opium
War
and
Treaty
of
 Nanjing
(Nanking)
 •  1st
Sino‐Japanese
War
(1894‐95)
 –  Failure
of
Chinese
leadership
and
strategy
 –  Payment
of
money
and
rights
for
peace
 •  Taiwan
 –  Further
concessions
to
foreign
powers
 •  Foreign
powers
lease
Chinese
lands
 Boxer
Rebellion

(1900)
 •  AnA‐foreign
rebellion
 •  Empress
Dowager
Cixi’s
support
for
the
 rebellion
 •  Protest
of
Western
powers
and
the
march
on
 Beijing
(August
1900)
 •  Defeat
of
the
Boxers
and
more
penalAes
 –  Cancelled
examinaAons
 –  Indemnity
 PoliAcal
cartoon:
Uncle
Sam
and
President
McKinley

 lead
aeack
on
the
Chinese
Boxers,

1900
 ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2009 for the course TRAD 101 taught by Professor Weiner during the Fall '08 term at Arizona.

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