Oct. 20 slides

Oct. 20 slides - Renewing
the
Old 
 

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Unformatted text preview: Renewing
the
Old: 
 

 Poli0cal
and
Social
Changes
in
the
 Song
Dynasty
 Today’s
Topics
 •  •  •  •  Poli0cal
recentraliza0on
 Military
weakness
 Economic
expansion
 Rise
of
the
scholar‐official
class
 From
Tang
to
Song
 • • • Breakdown of Tang starts in 880s; by 907, Tang rule overthrown “Five Dynasties & Ten Kingdoms” period, 907-960: many dierent states The Zhao clan brings empire back together under the Song dynasty: divided into “Northern” (960-1126) and “Southern” Song (1127-1279) Characteris0cs
of
the

 Song
Poli0cal
System
 •  •  •  •  Strict
separa0on
of
powers
 Independence
of
bureaucra0c
divisions

 Many
services
dealing
with
economic
maJers
 Newly
efficient
system
of
recruitment
 Government
Reforms
(1069‐1073)
 •  Wang
Anshi
 –  Government
should
follow
the
inten0on
of
the
 ancient
sage‐kings;
larger
role
of
government

 •  Major
policy
changes:
 –  Restructuring
of
bureaucracy
 –  New
examina0on
system
 –  New
organiza0on
at
local
level
 –  New
trade
policy,
state
loans
to
farmers
at
interest
 –  New
survey
of
agricultural
land,
facilitate
 redistribu0on
of
wealth

 Opposi0on
to
Reforms
 •  Sima
Guang
 –  Government
reform
not
needed,
needed
beJer
 imperial
leadership
and
selec0on
of
beJer
officials
 Muddiest
point
 •  Of
the
informa0on
I’ve
covered
so
far,
what
is
 s0ll
“muddy”
or
unclear?

What
would
you
like
 me
to
go
over
again?
 Weakness
of
Military
 •  Civil
over
military
 •  Strength
of
neighboring
states
 •  New
military
technologies
 Economic
expansion
 •  •  •  •  •  Commercializa0on
of
agricultural
land
 Growth
in
food
supply
 Growth
in
industry
and
trades
 Expansion
of
monetary
economy
 Development
of
interregional
and
mari0me
 trade
 Minute
Paper
 How
did
changes
in
Song
government
policy
and
 economy
change
the
look
of
Song
society,
 especially

compared
with
the
Tang?


 Rise
of
the
Scholar‐Official
Class
 •  Importance
of
the
examina0on
system
 –  Growth
in
class
of
educated
people
 •  Social
ideal—broadly
educated
civil
servant
 Summary
 •  What
three
things
from
today’s
lecture
are
 important
to
remember?
 ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2009 for the course TRAD 101 taught by Professor Weiner during the Fall '08 term at Arizona.

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