Oct. 22 slides - Zhu Xi and NeoConfucianism in the Song...

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Zhu Xi and Neo- Confucianism in the Song
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Today’s Topics Neo-Confucianism and Scholar-O f cials Zhu Xi as the deFning Fgure in the Neo-Confucian tradition The Impact of Neo-Confucianism on Chinese Civilization
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Song Scholar-O f cials: Who were they? No longer from “aristocratic” families, as in the Tang; now from exam graduate and landholding clans (sometimes called “gentry”) Anyone who passed exams became part of this class Embodied a new cultural ideal: not martial, but civil qualities (reading, writing, calligraphy, painting, etc.) were essential
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Neo-Confucianism: The Legacy of Song Scholar-o f cials to Imperial China What was it? a “restoration” of Confucian values; new interpretations of basic texts; new emphasis on education; a new metaphysics Who promoted it? scholar-o f cials who wanted to reform Chinese society (e.g.: Zhu Xi) Why was it so popular? anti-Buddhist, but borrowed some Buddhist ideas to expand
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Oct. 22 slides - Zhu Xi and NeoConfucianism in the Song...

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