Sept. 15 slides

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Unformatted text preview: Following
a
Natural
"Way":

 The
Daoists:
Laozi
and
Zhuangzi
 Confucianism:
A
Recap 

 •  Main
points
we
learned
about
Confucian
 thought
in
Warring
States
China
 Topics
for
Today 

 •  QuesCons
leD
unanswered
by
Confucian
 thinkers
 •  Laozi
and
the
Classic
of
the
Way
and
its
Power
 –  Concepts
of
Dao
and
Non‐acCon
(wuwei)
 •  Zhuangzi
 •  Differences
with
Confucians
 QuesCons
unanswered
by
Confucians
 •  What
is
the
nature
of
the
universe?
 •  How
do
humans
relate
to
nature
and
the
 cosmos?
 •  How
can
we
know
about
the
ulCmate
reality
 beyond
human
society?
 “Daoism”:
a
tricky
concept
 •  Complement
to
Confucianism
 •  Influence
on
poetry,
painCng,
introspecCve
 philosophy
 •  Fusion
with
popular
religion

 •  Like
Confucianism,
concerned
with
the
world
 here
and
now
 •  Idealized
nature,
took
nature
as
the
standard
 Laozi
and
the
Classic
of
the
Way
and
 its
Power
(Daode
jing)
 •  Laozi
as
author
of
Daode
jing?
 •  Book
in
poeCc
form
 The
Way
(Dao)
 •  Literally
means
“roadway”
or
“path”
 •  The
Way
of
nature
and
the
cosmos
 “the
force”
of
the
cosmos
 without
form
or
sound
or
substance
 the
“one”
 the
limitless
 indivisible
 can’t
put
a
name
to
it
 #1 

 The
way
that
can
be
spoken
of
is
not
the
 constant
way;
 The
name
that
can
be
named
is
not
the
constant
 name.
 The
nameless
is
the
beginning
of
Heaven
and
 Earth…
 Mysterious
and
sCll
more
mysterious,

 The
gateway
of
all
subtleCes!
 #4 

 The
Way
is
empty.
 It
may
be
used
without
ever
being
exhausted.
 Fathomless,
it
seems
to
be
the
ancestor
of
all
 things.

 BlunCng
the
sharpness,

 Untying
the
tangles,

 Subduing
the
light.
 Non‐acCon
(wuwei)
 •  •  •  •  Literally
means
“without
acCon”
 Especially
important
for
governments
 Means
ac8vely
not
interfering

 Doesn’t
mean
just
doing
nothing
or
not
paying
 aaenCon
 #29 

 If
one
desires
to
take
the
empire
and
act
on
it,

 I
see
that
he
will
not
succeed.
 The
empire
is
a
sacred
vessel,
 That
cannot
be
acted
upon.
 In
being
acted
upon,
it
is
harmed;
 And
in
being
grasped,
it
is
lost.
 #60
 Governing
a
large
state
is
like
cooking
a
small
 fish
 “Uncarved
block”
 •  Symbol
of
original
human
state
before
desires
 and
arCficial
value
systems
 •  Nameless
 •  Symbol
of
the
ideal
ruler
 #37
 If,
as
they
are
transformed,
desires
arise,
 I
suppress
them
by
means
of
the
nameless
 uncarved
wood.
 From
the
nameless
uncarved
wood
comes
 absence
of
desire,
 Through
not
desiring
one
becomes
tranquil,
 And
the
empire,
of
itself,
becomes
sealed.
 Write‐pair‐share
 #3
 
Do
not
exalt
the
worthy,
and
the
people
 will
not
compete.
Do
not
value
goods
that
are
 hard
to
come
by,
and
the
people
will
not
steal.
 Do
not
display
objects
of
desire,
and
the
 people’s
minds
will
not
be
disturbed.

 Therefore
the
ordering
of
the
sage
empCes
 their
minds,
fills
their
bellies,
weakens
their
 ambiCons,
strengthens
their
bones…He
does
 nothing
(wuwei),
and
there
is
nothing
that
is
 not
brought
to
order.
 Zhuangzi
 •  Zhuang
Zhou,
late
4th
century
BC
 •  Humorous,
fanciful,
wiay
 •  Great
debater
 •  The
Zhuangzi:
Good
literature
as
well
as
 important
philosophy
 •  Goals:

Happiness,
transcending
disCncCons
 ...
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