Sept. 22 slides

Sept. 22 slides - The
Buddhist
Conquest
of
China:


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Unformatted text preview: The
Buddhist
Conquest
of
China:
 Contacts,
Conflicts,
and
Compromises
 Today’s Topics •



Basic
Buddhist
ideas
 •





Buddhist
points
of
contact
&
conflict
with
 “Chinese”
ideas
and
prac=ces
 •



Some
compromises
 •  Buddhist
Art
and
Literature
 The
Beginnings
of
Buddhism
 •  Gautama
(Shakyamuni
Buddha)
 –  Historical
Buddha
 •  Founded
in
India
 Basic
Ideas
of
Buddhism
 •





The
Four
Noble
Truths
&
the
EighNold
Path
 •





Reincarna=on
and
the
role
of
karma
 •





Nirvana
is
the
goal:
“blowing
out”
the
self;
a
 kind
of
salva=on
 Mahayana
vs.
Theravada
Buddhism
 •  Theravada:
“Teachings
of
the
Elders”
 –  Southeast
Asia
 •  Mahayana:
“Greater
Vehicle”
 –  East
Asia:
China,
Korea,
Japan
 •  The
role
of
BoddhisaXvas
 Muddiest
point
 What
was
the
“muddiest”
or
least
clear
point
in
 what
I’ve
covered
so
far?

Please
write
it
 down,
then
discuss
it
with
the
person
next
to
 you.
 Buddhism
Becomes
Chinese:
 3
Areas
of
Contact
and
Conflict
 •





The
“here‐and‐now”
(the
secular
world)
 •





The
family
 •





The
state
 The
“Here‐and‐Now”
 •





“Do
unto
others”
 •





Confucian
virtue
and
good
karma
 •





Rules
can
help
us
behave
morally
 •





Buddhist
Nirvana
(beyond
this
life)
vs.
Confucian
 social
harmony
(in
this
world)
 •





“Religious”
stuff
competes
with
“normal”
life
 The Family •





Compassion
=
caring
for
family
 •





Social
hierarchy
okay
 •





Buddhist
belief
in
ul=mate
emp=ness
of
social
 structures
vs.
Confucian
faith
in
them
 •





Buddhist
monks
and
nuns
abandon
filial
du=es,
 desecrate
body,
don’t
procreate
 The State •





Respect
earthly
lords
first
 •





Believers
can
par=cipate
in
govt.
 •





Self‐cul=va=on
and
educa=on
 •





Faith
to
gods
vs.
loyalty
to
state
 •





Money
spent
on
charity
and
good
works
vs.
feeding
the
state
 •





Time
spent
on
Buddhist
devo=ons
instead
of
one’s
work
 Compromises:


 How
Some
Conflicts
Were
Worked
Out
 •





People
subscribed
to
more
than
one
belief
system
 (“Confucian
at
the
office…”)
 •





State
put
controls
on
financial
and
social
“reach”
of
 Buddhism
(ex.:

tax
laws,
laws
about
how
monks
&
 nuns
should
live,
laws
about
size
of
ins=tu=ons)
 •





Buddhism
permeated
people’s
daily
lives
in
 “tradi=onal”
ways:

role
of
the
village
temple
 Buddhism
in
Art
and
Literature
 BoddhisaXvas
 BoddhisaXvas
 Buddhist
temples
 Temple
architecture
 Important
points
about
Buddhism
 •  If
you
had
to
explain
what
is
dis=nc=ve
about
 Buddhism
in
China,
especially
during
the
 Period
of
Division,
what
would
you
men=on?
 ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2009 for the course TRAD 101 taught by Professor Weiner during the Fall '08 term at Arizona.

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