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Unformatted text preview: Preaching
and
Prac,ce
in
Medieval
 Chinese
Buddhism
 “ The
Buddha
saw
that
suffering
arises
because
of
 ignorance
about
existence,
an
existence
that
is
 dynamic
and
ever‐changing,
consis,ng
of
 interrelated
processes.
If
the
very
nature
of
 everything
that
exists
is
to
be
con,nuously
 changing
and
if
everything
that
exists
is
 interrelated
and
interdependent,
then
the
human
 craving
for
permanence,
separateness,
and
 independence
will
be
inevitably
frustra,ng.”
 How
would
you
paraphrase
this
passage?

What
 basic
Buddhist
concept
or
truth
is
it
expressing?

 What
is
the
solu,on
to
this
problem,
according
to
 Buddhist
belief?
 How
can
the
concept
of
karma
can
be
used
to
 answer
the
following
ques,on?
 •  “Why
should
one
person
be
brought
up
in
the
 lap
of
luxury,
endowed
with
fine
mental,
moral
 and
physical
quali,es,
and
another
in
absolute
 poverty,
steeped
in
misery?” 
 

   ‐
Ven.
Mahasi
Sayadaw
 Today’s
Topics
 •  Different
answers
to
the
same
ques,ons
 –  Comparison
of
Chinese
Buddhist
tradi,ons
 •  Popular
Buddhism
and
folk
religion
 How
does
one
a*ain
enlightenment

 (the
entrance
to
nirvana)?
 •  Gradually
 –  Perform
meritorious
deeds
 –  Physical
work
to
benefit
monas,c
community
 (Chan)
 –  Study
scripture
(Tiantai)
 –  SiRng
in
silent
medita,on
(Chan‐Northern)
 •  Suddenly
(Chan‐southern)
 –  Huineng
and
PlaTorm
Sūtra
 Who
can
a*ain
enlightenment?
 •  Only
students
of
a
master
 –  Mind‐to‐mind
transmission
(Chan)
 •  Anyone
 –  Faith
in
the
Buddha
(Pure
Land)
 What
is
the
place
of
scripture
and
 study
in
a*aining
enlightenment?
 •  Scripture
and
study
is
important

 –  Lotus
Sūtra
(Tiantai)
 •  Scriptures
and
textual
study
not
important

 –  Chan
 –  Pure
Land
 What
is
the
place
of
medita<on
or
devo<onal
 prac<ce
in
a*aining
enlightenment?
 •  Medita,on
 –  Gong’an
(Koan)
–
Chan
 •  Invoking
name
of
the
Buddha

 –  Pure
Land
 Gong’an
 The
Master
asked
a
monk,
“What
are
you
 doing?”
 “I’m
sweeping,”
he
replied.
 The
Master
asked,
“Are
you
sweeping
in
front
of
 the
Buddha
image
or
behind
it?”
 “Both
at
the
same
,me,”
the
monk
answered.
 The
Master
said,
“Bring
me
my
sandals.”…
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‐Sources,
p.
512
 Buddhist
devo,on:
 The
Guanyin
 Boddhisa3va

 Sanskrit:

 Avalokiteśvara
 • 
devo,onal
figure
 Ghost
Fes,val
 •  Tale
of
Mulian
rescuing
his
mother
from
hell
 and
from
fate
as
a
hungry
ghost
 •  Example
of
Buddhism
fusing
with
Chinese
 principles
and
folk
beliefs
 –  Filial
son
and
monk
 –  Rite
of
passage
from
dead
rela,ve
to
ancestor
 –  Monk
(separated
from
society)
and
demon
chaser
 (important
to
society)
 ...
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