Chp.2 Chinese and Manchus - Manchus outsiders from the...

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Manchus, outsiders from the Northeast, took power in 1644 --> Qing dynasty A Patterns in Early Qing pg.26 a Manchus: clan based peoples who stressed martial values based on skills of horsemanship and archery b Chinese: stressed civilian values based on skills of the writing brush c Kangxi emperor (1661-1722): greatest of the dynasty -- bubujingxin i Saw no difference between Manchus and Chinese and their ability to serve the state ii Teacher-propagandizer B Preserving Manchu Identity pg.28 a Key to upholding Manchu martial identity: maintain the banner forces - vehicles of military success b Maintaining martial values: set aside Manchuria as a permanent Manchu homeland c Continued to maintain and promote native shamanism i Shamanism: thought to have had a spiritual death and rebirth and could thus easily pass into the world of he supernatural, where they could influence events b Manchu regime tried to prevent close association between Chinese and themselves by forbidding intermarriage and outlawing business partnerships c Manchu hairstyle: Shave the front parts of their heads, let the hair in the back grow longer, and then plait that hair into pigtails. -- marked Chinese as subjects of the Outsider Manchus

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