U1_M2_HW - Module 2 1. The following tables summarize data...

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Module 2 1. The following tables summarize data gathered at various altitudes in the atmosphere and at various depths in the hydrosphere. Atmosphere Hydrosphere (middle latitudes) Altitude (km) Temperature (K) Pressure (atm) Depth (km) Temperature (K) Pressure (atm) 0 293 1.0 0 293 1.0 1 287 0.883 0.1 290 11 2 280 0.779 0.2 279 21 3 273 0.687 0.3 278 31 4 267 0.607 0.4 277.4 41 5 261 0.536 0.5 276.9 51 10 228 0.287 0.6 276.3 61 12 213 0.224 0.7 275.8 71 20 220 0.082 0.8 275.3 81 30 235 0.024 0.9 275.1 91 40 255 0.0067 1.0 275.0 101 50 275 0.0020 60 247 0.00095 a) In what ways is an analogy involving an “ocean of gases” useful in thinking about the atmosphere? In what ways does that analogy not apply to the behavior of the atmosphere? Compare the patterns in the temperature and pressure data for the atmosphere and the hydrosphere to justify your answers. b) Imagine that you model your lungs as a 5 L sealed balloon at sea level: Will the volume of your lungs increase or decrease as you climb up to the top of a mountain at 5 km above the sea level? Assume that the temperature of your body will adjust to the surrounding temperature as you ascend. (Would you change your answer if the temperature of your body remained constant?) Keep in mind that, in general, your breathing adjusts to keep the same number of moles of air in your lungs at different altitudes. Estimate the volume of your lungs at the top of the mountain . Will the volume of your lungs increase or decrease as you dive down into the ocean to 100 m below sea level? Assume that the temperature of your body will adjust to the surrounding temperature as you descend (Would you change your answer if the temperature of your body remained constant?) Keep in mind that,
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U1_M2_HW - Module 2 1. The following tables summarize data...

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