Review%20questions%20chapters%2040%20and%2041 - get from...

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REVIEW Questions for Chapters 40 and 41 BILD 2 Spring 2009 What 2 key developments allowed multicellular organisms to evolve? Why aren’t there an infinite number of adaptations? What is convergent evolution? What is Homeostasis? How do the surface area and volume of organisms relate to the rate of exchange? What are evolutionary adaptations to increase ability of organisms to exchange material with their environment? What are some advantages of multicellularity? What are the main tissue types and their functions? What are organs? Organ systems? How does a negative feedback loop work? What are regulators? Conformers? What is nutrition? What is digestion? Overnourishment? Undernourishment? Malnourishment? What must be supplied by an adequate diet? What are the 4 main types of essential nutrients and what are important features of each? How many amino acids are necessary to make proteins and how many can you
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Unformatted text preview: get from food? What is scurvy? What are beriberi, kwashiorkor, iodine deficiency? What are herbivores, carnivores, omnivores? What are the 4 different stages of food processing? What are some different adaptations to feeding? What are the main functions of the vertebrate gut? How are functions related to the organization? Follow food from the mouth to the anus. What happens in each compartment and where do the fluids that aid in digestion come from? What 3 cells types are involved in food processing in the stomach? What do they do? Describe how carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids and fats are digested. Where does absorption take place and how does it occur? What enzymes are released from the pancreas? How are they activated in the gut? How is digestions controlled/regulated? What is leptin and what happens if it is mutant? What do gastrin, secretin, and cholecystokinin do?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2009 for the course BILD BILD 2 taught by Professor Schroeder during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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