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Final exam study guide (updated)

Final exam study guide (updated) - Biology Final Exam Study...

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Biology Final Exam Study Guide (organized by test) 1. Matter and Energy in the Web of Life (Chapter 4) Vocabulary  Energy  Potential Energy  Kinetic Energy  Entropy  Simple molecules Complex molecules Energy Reaction Diagram  Catalyst Carbon Dioxide  Oxygen gas  Monomer Polymer Sugar Carbohydrate (be able to recognize  structure) Lipids (recognize structure) Fat (recognize structure) Protein (recognize structure) Enzyme Substrate Active site Nucleotide Diagrams/Processes *You should be able to draw and label diagrams of… 1. Synthesis and Decomposition (including Reactants, Products, Energy axis, Reaction process  axis, simple and complex molecules, entropy change, spontaneous or not spontaneous, etc.) Synthesis Decomposition 2. Cell Structure and Function: Chapters 5.1-5.8, 15.5-15.10, 19.2 and 19.3 Reading covered: Section 5.1-5.8, 15.5-15.10, 19.2 and 19.3, Respiration Powerpoint,  Photosynthesis handout. Vocabulary The Cell Cell Prokaryotes Eukaryotes Nucleus Organelles Emergence Proteins Genes Metabolism Diffusion Concentration gradient Passive Transport Active Transport Respiration Glucose Mitochondria
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Decomposition Carrier Molecules ATP/ADP NAD+/NADH FAD+/FADH2 Glycolysis Phosphate Krebs Cycle CO 2 Oxygen gas Electron Transport Chain Hydrogen Ion (proton) Electron Dam analogy Concentration gradient Active transport ATP Synthase Photosynthesis Chlorophyll Light CO2 Light Reactions Electron transport chain ATP Synthase NADP+/NADPH Calvin Cycle (Dark Reactions) Diagrams and Processes 1. Concentration Gradients and Active/Passive Transport . Make sure to include areas of  high and low concentration, and label which direction of movement for substances would  be active and which would be passive.  3. Reproduction and Development: Chapters 5.9 – 7.9, except 7.6 Vocabulary: Cell Cycle Mitosis – products and basic process Gametes Chromosomes Sister Chromatids Homologous Pairs
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