bebop Jazz - Adam Kuczynski History of Jazz Paper 3 Bebop...

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Adam Kuczynski History of Jazz Paper 3 Bebop Jazz As swing jazz was in its later years, people were trying to find a newer way to express themselves musically in the world of jazz. As a result, the 1940s saw the creation of a new type of jazz: bebop, or bop. Bop is a form of jazz characterized by fast tempos and improvisation based on harmonic structure rather than melody. It first surfaced during the early years of World War Two and later was combined with blues and gospel music to form “Hard bop.” Bebop has an interesting history, a unique style, and it has influenced other styles of jazz, making it an important part of jazz history. The word "bebop" is usually stated to be nonsense syllables which were generated in scat singing and is supposed to have been first used in the late 1920s. One speculation is that it was a term used by Charlie Christian, because it sounded like something he hummed along with his playing. However, possibly the most reasonable theory is that it derives from the cry of "Arriba” used by Latin American bandleaders of the period to encourage their bands. This squares with the fact that, originally, the terms "bebop" and "rebop" were used interchangeably. By 1945, the use of "bebop" and "rebop" as nonsense syllables was widespread in R&B music. The source of the word “bebop” is not the only thing that is disputed in the history of this form of jazz. The exact date of bebop’s origination, like most other forms of jazz, is disputed as well. One can look at the 1939 recording of "Body and Soul" by Coleman Hawkins as an important antecedent of bebop. Hawkins' willingness to stray from the ordinary resolution of musical themes and his playful jumps to double-time signaled a departure from existing jazz. The recording was
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popular and Hawkins became an inspiration to a younger generation of jazz musicians. In the 1940s, this emergent generation forged their own style out of the swing music of the 1930s. Mavericks like Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Bud Powell, and Thelonious Monk, were influenced by the preceding generation's adventurous soloists, such as pianists Art Tatum and Earl Hines, tenor saxophonists Hawkins and Lester Young, and
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course MUSI 154 taught by Professor Grahms during the Fall '07 term at Marquette.

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bebop Jazz - Adam Kuczynski History of Jazz Paper 3 Bebop...

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