C2323SS2 - Chem 2323 I. Study Sheet #2 Topic : Alkanes :...

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C C h h e e m m 2 2 3 3 2 2 3 3 Study Sheet #2 Topic : Alkanes : Structure and Nomenclature Reference : McMurry chpt.3 I. Functional Group Overview pages :75-79 The organization of the vast number of compounds in organic chemistry is facilitated by classificationaccording to funcional groups. A functional group is that atom or group of atoms that confers on a molecule its characteristic chemical behaviour and reactivity. A alkanes 3 HC - CH 3 Ba lcohols 3 HC- OH alkenes 2 H C=C H 2 alkyl halides 3 HC- Cl alkynes H C C H amines 3 HC- NH 2 arenes benzene C aldehydes 3 HC- CHO Derivatives and analogues : ketones (CH 3 ) 2 C=O ethers 3 HC-O-CH 3 carboxylic acids 3 HC- COOH esters 3 HC- CO-O- CH 3 amides 3 HC- CO-NH 2 II. Alkanes, Isomers and Alkyl terminology pages : 79-86 (i) Alkanes are composed of just singly bound C and H atoms with no multiple bonds. In one way we can think of alkanes as having no functionality. Compounds containing only C & H are termed hydrocarbons.
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C2323SS2 - Chem 2323 I. Study Sheet #2 Topic : Alkanes :...

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