Notes Until Midterm

Notes Until Midterm - Introduction The World of The New...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction: The World of The New Testament 28/08/2007 15:07:00 Polis —City or Urban Center in the world of the new testament. The dominant group of people are aristocrats (wealthy educated powerful people that basically ran things in the world of the new testament) ← Cora —the agriculturally productive land that surrounded the polis; people who lived in the cora were called peasants…agricultural people who produce agricultural products for themselves and the aristocrats; peasants congregated in villages and worked the lands surrounding the Polis. It took 90 people to feed 100 versus today it takes 3 to feed 100. • Understand the people, places and events of the cora Eremos —non productive land that extends from one cora to another. It may be too dry, too wet, etc. Generally uninhabited land. Brigandes reside in this area…they are gangs that engaged in looting, kidnapping, violence, etc. 8/30/07 Menander (Prize Winning Play) • Greek plays were presented in the context of a religious festival • Dionysis—had a number of festivals throughout the year • Produced plays to be presented at festivals to worship dionysis ← Literature was always written down on payparus • Payparus survived in the climate of Egypt Nile Region ← Polis of Athens, play takes place in a village area (Cora) • Pan-God of the Countryside (Cora)…largely concerned with herding ← Core Characters • Chanemon—older peasant at the center of the story; characterized by his work…characteristic feature of peasant life is toil and labor…only time its broken up is during festivals o Hates everyone—lives to close to shrine and people bother him… wants to live a life of a hermit • Sostratus—he is from the polis and an aristocrat, Pan causes Sostratus to fall in love with Chanemon’s daughter, He wants to marry this young woman in the opening of the story • Cairaeus—identified as a parasite…he is an aristocrat but has fallen on hard times (Unacceptable for an aristocrat to work)…so he attaches himself to other wealthy households (i.e. intervenes between marriages and acts as a mediator in legal disputes) • Gorgaius—brother of Chaneomons daughter…feels that Sostratus has ill intentions in marrying the daughter o As a result, Sostratus begins to do manual labor on the fields to impress Kenemon and ultimately marry the daughter • Siychon— a mageiros he is a trained slave that will do 3 things… o 1. Sacrifices animals o 2.butcher—cuts the animals up o 3. Cook • He’s a great slave that gets hired out to others...
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2009 for the course REL 121 taught by Professor Hocke during the Fall '08 term at USC.

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Notes Until Midterm - Introduction The World of The New...

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