Notes Until Midterm

Notes Until Midterm - Introduction The World of The New...

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Introduction: The World of The New Testament 28/08/2007 15:07:00 Polis —City or Urban Center in the world of the new testament. The dominant group of  people are aristocrats (wealthy educated powerful people that basically ran things in the  world of the new testament)  Cora —the agriculturally productive land that surrounded the polis; people who  lived in the cora were called peasants…agricultural people who produce agricultural  products for themselves and the aristocrats; peasants congregated in villages and  worked the lands surrounding the Polis. It took 90 people to feed 100 versus today it  takes 3 to feed 100.  Understand the people, places and events of the cora  Eremos —non productive land that extends from one cora to another. It may be too dry,  too wet, etc. Generally uninhabited land.  Brigandes  reside in this area…they are gangs  that engaged in looting, kidnapping, violence, etc.  8/30/07 Menander (Prize Winning Play)  Greek plays were presented in the context of a religious festival Dionysis—had a number of festivals throughout the year  Produced plays to be presented at festivals to worship dionysis  Literature was always written down on payparus  Payparus survived in the climate of Egypt Nile Region  Polis of Athens, play takes place in a village area (Cora)  Pan-God of the Countryside (Cora)…largely concerned with herding   Core Characters Chanemon—older peasant at the center of the story; characterized by his  work…characteristic feature of peasant life is toil and labor…only time its  broken up is during festivals  o Hates everyone—lives to close to shrine and people bother him… wants to live a life of a hermit  Sostratus—he is from the polis and an aristocrat, Pan causes Sostratus to fall  in love with Chanemon’s daughter, He wants to marry this young woman in  the opening of the story 
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Cairaeus—identified as a parasite…he is an aristocrat but has fallen on hard  times (Unacceptable for  an aristocrat to work)…so he attaches himself to  other wealthy households (i.e. intervenes between marriages and acts as a  mediator in legal disputes)  Gorgaius—brother of Chaneomons daughter…feels that Sostratus has ill  intentions in marrying the daughter  o As a result, Sostratus begins to do manual labor on the fields to  impress Kenemon and ultimately marry the daughter  Siychon— a  mageiros  he is a trained slave that will do 3 things… o 1. Sacrifices animals o 2.butcher—cuts the animals up o 3. Cook  He’s a great slave that gets hired out to others    P. 42 Kenemon (farmer) 
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