311C F08 L5OL-ppt4 - Isomers Three types of isomers:...

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Carbon & Organic Compounds
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Organic Chemistry Organic compounds
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Cells are composed largely of organic compounds Proteins Lipids Carbohydrates Nucleic Acids
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Carbon
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Name Molecular Formula Structural Formula Ball-and-Stick Model Space-Filling Model (a) Methane (b) Ethane (c) Ethene (ethylene) Versatility of Carbon Bonding
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Hydrogen (valence = 1) Oxygen (valence = 2) Nitrogen (valence = 3) Carbon (valence = 4) H O N C Versatility of Carbon Bonding
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Molecular Diversity: Carbon Skeleton Variation Skeletons can vary enormously Isomers
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(a) Length Ethane Propane Molecular Diversity: Carbon Skeleton Variation
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(c) Double bonds 1-Butene 2-Butene Molecular Diversity: Carbon Skeleton Variation
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(b) Branching Butane 2-Methylpropane (commonly called isobutane) Molecular Diversity: Carbon Skeleton Variation
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(d) Rings Cyclohexane Benzene Molecular Diversity: Carbon Skeleton Variation
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Unformatted text preview: Isomers Three types of isomers: Structural Geometric Enantiomers Structural Isomers H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H CO 2 H CH 3 NH 2 C CO 2 H H CH 3 NH 2 X X X X C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C H Geometric Isomers H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H CO 2 H CH 3 NH 2 C CO 2 H H CH 3 NH 2 X X X X C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C H cis trans Enantiomers H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H CO 2 H CH 3 NH 2 C CO 2 H H CH 3 NH 2 X X X X C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C H Left L Right D Hydrocarbons ) Chemical Groups CH 3 OH HO O CH 3 CH 3 OH Estradiol Testosterone Female lion Male lion Phosphate Group Methyl Group ATP Adenosine triphosphate ATP...
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311C F08 L5OL-ppt4 - Isomers Three types of isomers:...

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