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Unformatted text preview: 9-5-07Positive freedom One is free in the positive sense, to the extent that one has freedom over oneself. Self-mastery.Negative freedom The absence of coercion, lack of pressure and influences exerted on an individual to make them do something a certain way. Commonly associated with freedom.-No situation in society with a total lack of coercion, and absolute freedom is not possieither because were never entirely in control of ourselves.First you struggle to release yourself from coercion, then you struggle to release yourself fromresponsibilities of freedom.How do these freedoms interact?Unit 1-What is the Indian? then becomes Does the Indian have a soul? (If yes, then theycant be harmed and are under rule of the king; if no, then they cant be enslaved).-The beginning of international law, questioning what sovereignty the Spanish crownhas over conquered people.Unit 2 Haitian Revolution-First successful slave rebellion, challenged the power of the conquerors, which shockeEurope.-Haiti was the most important colony of France (because of sugar) and perhaps in all of Europe sugar is equivalent to petroleum today.-Immense profit from sugar production by slave labor (Cuba)-Napoleons army could not win back Haiti; established the first independent black natstate (gained negative freedom) -Question of what you do after independence.Unit 3 Cuban Sot Revolution-How do you go from armed struggle to the transformation of human consciousness?-(Capitalism to som? Personaltransformation)Unit 4-Coming out of debt-Interest skyrocketing, banks telling you where to spend money.Discovery Christopher Columbus discovered the Caribbean and, by extension, America, on Octob12 Yes and no how could Columbus have discovered what he wasnt aware of? Not the discovery asfact, but interpreting the factof his arrival (when and where he arrived). Columbus did not know of the places existance, didnt know where he had arrived. Wanted to prove that he was right about sailing West to reach the East unnecessary interpretation.Related to entry from Columbuss ships log: Columbus believes he will form great friendship with Indians, gives gifts of little value which give Indians great pleasure.-Future economic transactions: ripping the Indians off, taking advantage.-Indians bring great gifts in exchange for mere trinkets.-Europeans see that the Indians have no weapons and no experience with them.Economic, intellectual, and military advantage for the Europeans (indigenous peoplehave something of a culture, somethingof a soul).Discovery coming to consciousness about something, Columbus then did understand that he discovered something....
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- Fall '08