Some Famous Theories of Religion to Consider: 1. “Religion is the belief in an ever-living God, that is, in a Divine Mind and Will ruling the Universe and holding moral relations with mankind.” James Martineau , 19 th century English philosopher and Unitarian. 2. “Religion is an institution consisting of culturally patterned interaction with culturally postulated superhuman beings. Melford Spiro , 20 th century American psychological anthropologist. 3. “The essence of religion consists in the feeling of an absolute dependence.” Friedrich Schleiermacher , 19 th century German philosopher and theologian. 4. “Religion is that which grows out of, and gives expression to, experience of the holy in its various aspects.” Rudolf Otto , 19 th century German theologian and early comparative religion scholar. 5. “Religion is what an individual does with his solitariness.” Alfred North Whitehead , 20 th century English mathematician and creator of process theology. 6.
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