Scoiology chapter 2

Scoiology chapter 2 - Sociology chapter 2 CULTURE SOCIETY...

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Sociology chapter 2 11/02/2008 13:29:00 CULTURE, SOCIETY AND DIVERSTIY  Culture  What is culture o Values beliefs behaviors and material objects that constitute a way of  life that are passed down form one generation to the next  o Tells us what to do  in certain situations  o Concept is universal  Varies in different countries  Ideal vs. real culture  o All values are manifested their selves  o Where we existe for real  Components of culture  o Material  Any tangible component to society  Artifacts of our culture o Nonmaterial  Things that are abstract  Things that have moral value  Culture shock  o What occurs when we are exposed to an unfamiliar culture    Symbols and symbolic meanings 
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Symbols create reality  o Anything that carries a recognized meaning  Symbols change over time  o Change from culture to culture  o Allow for understanding in culture  o If we don’t understand a certain symbol it can be a culture shock  Language  Variety of symbols that when put together mean something  Humans, animals, and language  o Humans are the only animals have the only bases for written and  verbal language  o Animals do things by instinction The sapir-whorf hypothesis  o Our understanding of the social world comes down to our language  When our language understand is cut down our cultural  interaction is cut down  We perceive our world through language  Gestures  o Varies from culture to culture  o Cultural short hand  o Used when it is not appropriate to use verbal or written language  Values and beliefs  o Values as guidelines 
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What is good and belief structure  Moral compass o Values effect on individuals  How we perceive our surroundings   First come from parents  o
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