This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: 11/13 Cities and Urbanization • National Geographic o In 1950 only one city (New York) had more than ten million people o In 2015 there are expected to be 21 cities with more than ten million people • Cities in the global south are growing faster • What is a city? o A landmark o Recognized by other places o Imports and exports goods o Employment and entertainment opportunities o Have their own government o A densely populated area with a lot of economic opportunities o Definitions vary Population size is one thing used to help define cities • The number where we consider it a city varies from country to country because each country has a different population size Population density Built-up area • Taller buildings, more traffic, etc. Building style (architecture and layout) • Land is expensive in big cities so taller buildings are built to get more out of a small amount of land o Essential element of human economic and social organization o A center of cultural innovation, social transformation, and political change o People from rural areas go to cities for may things they may not otherwise have access to o Engine of economic development Note: not all cities are!! A city may have been a center of economic development at one time but no longer are (ex: Pittsburgh) o Relatively more important than its surroundings People from surrounding areas are coming to them for their services • Urbanization o The demographic process of becoming urban o Relative concentration of an area’s population in towns and cities o The process of people moving to cities from urban areas o Measured by urbanization rate Percentage of people who live in cities and towns opposed to those who live in rural areas o Some countries like Saudi Arabia and Australia have high urban population concentrations because much of the land is desert and un- inhabitable o Similar patters of cores and peripheries Cores have higher concentrations of people then peripheries o Goes along with economic development o Annual growth of urban population Very low in Europe • Because people have been in cities for a long time as well as they have very little growth Very high in Africa • Because they have high population growth and economic development Why we’ll see more cities in the global south with more than ten million people o Peripheries are growing in their urban population much faster than cores • Urbanism o Different then Urbanization!!!! o Way of life associated with residence in an urban area o You work in one place but live in another o Going to entertainment outside of your own town • Urban Form o Physical structure and organization of cities in: Land use • Business districts, office towers, universities, industry, malls, etc....
View Full Document
- Fall '06
- Economic Development, o Cities, Megacities o Cities