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Unformatted text preview: 11/13 Cities and Urbanization National Geographic o In 1950 only one city (New York) had more than ten million people o In 2015 there are expected to be 21 cities with more than ten million people Cities in the global south are growing faster What is a city? o A landmark o Recognized by other places o Imports and exports goods o Employment and entertainment opportunities o Have their own government o A densely populated area with a lot of economic opportunities o Definitions vary Population size is one thing used to help define cities The number where we consider it a city varies from country to country because each country has a different population size Population density Built-up area Taller buildings, more traffic, etc. Building style (architecture and layout) Land is expensive in big cities so taller buildings are built to get more out of a small amount of land o Essential element of human economic and social organization o A center of cultural innovation, social transformation, and political change o People from rural areas go to cities for may things they may not otherwise have access to o Engine of economic development Note: not all cities are!! A city may have been a center of economic development at one time but no longer are (ex: Pittsburgh) o Relatively more important than its surroundings People from surrounding areas are coming to them for their services Urbanization o The demographic process of becoming urban o Relative concentration of an areas population in towns and cities o The process of people moving to cities from urban areas o Measured by urbanization rate Percentage of people who live in cities and towns opposed to those who live in rural areas o Some countries like Saudi Arabia and Australia have high urban population concentrations because much of the land is desert and un- inhabitable o Similar patters of cores and peripheries Cores have higher concentrations of people then peripheries o Goes along with economic development o Annual growth of urban population Very low in Europe Because people have been in cities for a long time as well as they have very little growth Very high in Africa Because they have high population growth and economic development Why well see more cities in the global south with more than ten million people o Peripheries are growing in their urban population much faster than cores Urbanism o Different then Urbanization!!!! o Way of life associated with residence in an urban area o You work in one place but live in another o Going to entertainment outside of your own town Urban Form o Physical structure and organization of cities in: Land use Business districts, office towers, universities, industry, malls, etc....
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- Fall '06