Southern Border Notes Exam 2 - Southern Border Notes Exam 2...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 16 pages.

Southern Border Notes: Exam 29/20/16Contemporary MexicoCollision of 2 theoatic emoires with Spanish conq 1519Mestizo- extractive rule- 3 ceturiesoMost people don’t benefit19thcent- war for indepodecade long conflictowar, not social revoinside this: social movements- ppl demand far reaching things1821- Mex- empire25 years instabilityprelude for war with usaoprovoked by Polkogoal- CA3 decades dictatorship-Diazomodernize mex- in extractive wayo15,000 miles RR built, buildings in cap, new industriesoordinary Mex don’t benefitleads to reva decade of violent conflictoresults in profound change sin societyofirst major social rev of 20thcenturyotransform society in a way that would benefit themcardenas-30’s- gains are achievedsets stage for 71 years by PRI- fused with the state for 71 yearscrouset- sum rule of PRI for 71 years- says presidency has been under pri, monarchy with a new potency- manipulated elections every 6 years5 Earthquakes2000- PRI loses, loses majority in both houses in congressSalinas 1988- wins against cardenasEngaged in pattern of econ dev for mexico that relies on markets and varying heavily on integrating globallySimilarities with Diaz1990- 2 years in- decides to rewrite Jr high hist textbooks- treat Diaz more positively
omodernizer, not dictatorZadillo- accidental presTowards end of period- 1997- opposition gains control of both houses of congressZadillo permits- moves Mexico uncertainly into a more democratic directionMovement civil society- ways in which democracy could be fulfilled within mexDefeat of PRI- Not an easy taskAfter 1988- 3 major parties- PRI (Power), PAN (1939- right wing party, roots catholic church, bus community), PRD (Cardenas formed after 1988 elec)1994 all competePRI winsEcon collapse, movement in societyGovernor- run for pres- PANCardenas makes clear he will run in 2000Gov becomes involved with 2 key pub intellectuals. Strong pub voiceZinser- senate mex- elected as indep senatorCastenega- prof Both long associated with left in mex1994- castenega- advisor cardenaszinser- press for cardenasboth felt part of a left alt in mex, began an unusual relationship with Fox (gov)all 3 felt Fox had the charisma and ability to defeat PRIbegin seeing there are important areas of agreement with zinser and FoxAll agree:issue of democratic of mex- PRI would preventundoc immigrants or immigrants from mex arriving in USA- best of Mex- loss to mex society they leftPRI didn’t talk about people to US – imply failure of regimeMost committed to- Fox became open to this- hyper inequality and poverty were destroying MexicoWithout addrerssing both, impossible to have a healthy relationship with mex1998- nancy polossi- becomes speakeragular
Garcia- becomes pres of PRD (left)Gov of ZacatecasFox- a bit unusual as a visitorUnusual campaign- US styleRancher from north- worked for cocacola- pres in mexDifferent ideas- immigration- vital democracy for mex to succeed as a society

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture