Confucianism and Daoism in early china

Confucianism and Daoism in early china - Confucianism and...

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Confucius, Confucianism, the Analects (lunyu) Laozi, Daoism (Taoism), laozi: daode jing (or lao tzu: tao te ching) Alternative, competing visions of how to live , what to strive for, what to value and where values come from Schools of thought and belief – blurry line between philosophy and religion Rival schools of thought - Alternative visions of how to live your live For each school there’s a foundational text. The texts stayed from ~500Bc. Contemporary to each other Confucianism : a political/social vision. The world has lost the way (Dao). How to restore the Way? How to achieve harmonious political/social order? Not enough simply to recover ancient rituals, ancient propriety. Humankinds must be moralized. Laozi/Daoism : morality is nonsense. Right and wrong are subjective. The sage models himself on nature, which does not take sides, makes no judgment of right and wrong. Nature is the embodiment of the Dao (opposite to Confucianism). Nature is the closest u can get to the Dao (Daoist way) They both teach the Dao but their visions on the Dao are completely different Confucianism is concerned w/ moral/ethical values. The “just” or “right” (yi), the “humane” (ren). Moral cultivation of the individual leads to harmonious social order. Laozi/Daoism is a vision of individual salvation, achieve thru model one’s life on the Way of nature. Do not strive (wuwei), do not seek fame. Turn your back on society, follow the lead of nature. Complimentarity of Confucianism and Daoism in later Chinese civilization: Confucianism In public sphere, in one’s dealings w/ others. Daoism in private life, in one’s identity as individual. But in Chinese social/political history, the 2 are not of equal weight or importance Confucianism is far more influential Confucianism of Confusious (Kongzi, Kong Fuzi, 6 th BC ) vs. Confucianism as official state ideology. Confucuis’ aim
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Confucianism and Daoism in early china - Confucianism and...

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