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Unformatted text preview: Through literary and artistic developments since the formation of the Japanese poetry, both classical Heian culture and urban culture of Edo expressed their native consciousness and ability to establish, improve, and strengthen their own cultural identity throughout the centuries. The rise of the Japanese-style poetry marked the start of the growth of the native literature in the Heian period as well as the prosperity of the native culture that would continue into later times. Even though Japan borrowed from Chinese culture, it was able to develop a unique tradition of its own despite Chinese influence. • The 31-syllable poetic structure known as “Waka” was developed and made up the majority of the poems in the most famous anthology of poetry “Man’yoshu” compiled around the mid-eighth century. 1 P.56 experience- This Japanese-style poetry that began to form even before the Heian period acted as the root of the literary development from which solid characteristics would evolve. The awareness of the value of a native tradition began to show as Waka prevailed. • The next collection of Waka, “Kokinshu ” was compiled during the Heian period, with its context more recognizable as Japanese, including many references to seasons and nature. P.71 2- The cultural identity of Japan had become more apparent. The more structured context proved Japan’s ability to construct distinctive features in its literature. • Waka also became a part of social intercourse, contributing to the poetry contests. 3 P.71- The role of poetry in the society signified Japan’s appreciation on its own literature. Being able to develop a poetic style that would last 1 1 W.G. Beasley, the Japanese Experience (Berkeley: University of California Press) 56. 2 2 Beasley 71. 3 3 Beasley 71. proved Japan’s sense of native cultural expansion. The development of Waka alone already signified much of the native consciousness, while its popularity would lay a foundation for further cultural growths in the centuries to come. Following the rise of Waka was the development of the Kana writing which helped to express the Japanese idea even more effectively. • Kana was developed in the mid-ninth century, and it also led to the development of prose literature. P.521 4- The development of the Kana showed how Japan realized the way to expand on its literary works, by developing its own writing system. - The use of the Japanese writing as well as prose in Japan not only added to the appreciation of the native tradition but also represented its potential to distinguish itself as a unique culture. It also deepened the readiness of Japan in creating a cultural element of its own....
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This note was uploaded on 04/12/2009 for the course EACS 4A taught by Professor Ji during the Winter '06 term at UCSB.
- Winter '06