Japan outline

Japan outline - Pre-classical Jomon 8000BC cord-pattern...

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Pre-classical Jomon 8000BC – “cord-pattern” pottery Yayoi 300BC – bronze, iron, agricultural revolution – Chinese culture came to Japan Pimiko – a shaman Reference to Japan in Chinese chronicles, then disappeared Yamato 300-600CE – tomb culture Early tomb: patterned on those in Korea, circular mounds built atop megalithic burial chambers Later tomb: key-hole shaped, surrounded by moats and adorned with clay cylinders and figures Japan reappeared in the 5 th century Earliest Japanese surviving accounts of their own history: Record of Ancient Matter ( Kojiki) 712 Record of Japan ( Nihongi) 720 Social unit: uji (extended family) Be=specialist workers (potters, scribes, others with special skills from Korea) Constant wars with “Barbarian tribes” Korea: Paekche, Silla, Koguryo Japan was allies with Paekche Buddhism arrived 538 when Paekche sent Buddha image, sutras, priest Shinto: the way of gods, worshiping forces of nature Most villages had shamans Kami: aristocratic clan claimed that it had its original ancestor, Later became national myth : Sun Goddess is the deity of Yamato great kings The great Shrine of Amaterasu is at Ise Ninigi (Amaterasu’s grandchild) sent down by Amaterasu to plant rice and be the first ancestor of the emperor (Ninigi’s great grandchild) Ninigi was the first to come to rule Japan The first legendary emperor of Japan: Jinmu Classical – Chinese T’ang pattern Creative reworking of Chinese culture led to distinctive Japanese culture The government borrowed the Chinese system Japanese preferred rules by aristocracy Shotoku: began sending embassies to China in 607 Adopted Chinese calendar and propagated Buddhism Kamatari: initiated “Taika reform” in 645, which moved Japan to the Chinese direction Emperor Tenmu: began large-scale institutional changes using T’ang model Capital moved to Heian (Kyoto) in 794 – resembles the Chang’an city planning Nara and Heian rulers were Confucians Japanese history constitutes a single dynasty Leading clans manipulated the authority of an emperor, who often reigned but did not rule Nara Japan had a 4-5 million population, T’ang had 60 million Japan had no significant external enemies
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Japan outline - Pre-classical Jomon 8000BC cord-pattern...

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