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Unformatted text preview: EMUS 1832: Exam 2 Review Sheet General Information A. Instrumental Genres 1. Large: orchestral a. Symphony [ 4 mvmts] b. Concerto c. Overture d. Tone poem or symphonic poem: has a story involved with it [program music] 2. Small: chamber genres a. String Quartet b. Duet/trio/quintet c. Sonata B. Vocal Genres 1. Large: Cantana 2. Small C. Functions 1. Sacred space/mystery 2. Support/convey text 3. Entertainment/dance 4. Art-aesthetic experience/beauty 5. Emotional expression 18 th Century Music A. Baroque Era 1. Basso Continuo : Most important element of Baroque instrumentation; combination of the bass and keyboard instruments-their music was virtually continuous throughout the piece 2. Recitative : Vocal style of music that was meant to emulate the varied rhythm found in human speech 3. Aria : 4. Opera : Most popular kind of music in baroque; performed with elaborate sets and costumes in the ornate, full-sized theaters in regal palaces. 5. Oratorio : Similar in music to operas, without scenery, sets, costumes, or acting. Plot drawn from the Bible 6. Ornaments : Little decorations not actually written down; always added by musicians considered tasteful 7. Ritornello : First movement of baroque concertos; and to refer to a catchy theme played by the full orchestra that returns periodically throughout the movement. Example: “The Spring”- Vivaldi 8. Terraced dynamics : Sharp contrasts between “light and dark” timbres (voices and instruments), voice levels, key changes, orchestra vs. soloist, etc. 9. Episode : non-thematic alteration between episodes in a fugue; usually change key so that each subject starts on a different pitch 10. Handel : Born in Germany Composed operas in Germany, Italy, London Successful oratorio: Messiah Went blind, died in 1759->large funeral attendance 11. Vivaldi : “The Spring”-Ritornello form...
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- Fall '08
- Music, Symphony, Concerto, Century Music A., Tempo Usual Form