° Topic 4: Macronutrients ° Lesson 1 (Carbohydrates) : ° Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen ° PER DAY: Fat: 65g Protein: 60g Complex carbohydrates: 240g Sugar: 50g TOTAL: 415g/day ° “Proper” amounts different than “actual” amounts (inflated by 10-15%) ° ° The changing American Diet: Dairy: ~ (low) Fruits & Veggies: ~ (low) Total fats & oils: Caloric sweeteners: (b/c non-caloric sweeteners on the market) Grains: o White & Whole wheat flour: o Corn flour, starch & grits: (low) o Rice: (low)
o Oats: ~ (low) Meat/poultry/seafood o Beef: (high) o Pork: ~ o Chicken: o Fish: ~ (low) o Turkey: ~ (low) ° ° Calories (per gram): Fats: 9 Carbohydrate: 4 Protein: 4 Fiber: 2 ° ° Carbohydrates: Sucrose “table sugar” o Considerable number of OH groups o Implies notion of being soluble o Disaccharide (glucose+fructose) linked by oxygen Converted to energy o Oxidation process
Glucose (dextrose) o C6 monosaccharide o Stereochemistry: 3D aspect of molecule o
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