Phonology - two words that are phonetically identical...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Click to edit Master subtitle style 10/6/09 Linguistics 101 Phonetics and Intro to Phonology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
10/6/09 Final Issues in Phonetics Suprasegmentals: aspects of speech sound that apply to more than one “letter” (or phone). Pitch Intonation: used over phrases Tone: used over syllables
Background image of page 2
10/6/09 Intro to Phonology Basic Concepts Some examples: “top,” “stop,” “nation,” “mountain,” and “cat” Two levels: Underlying representation (UR) Surface representation (SR) rules
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
10/6/09 Phoneme vs. Allophone /t/ [t] [t ] ʰ [ ] ʔ [n] [ ] ʃ [t ] ʃ [t ] ̚ [ ] ɾ /t/ /s/ / / ʃ [ ʃ ] One-to- many: Many-to- one:
Background image of page 4
10/6/09 Types of Distributions Contrastive Distribution: you can switch the sounds, but the meaning changes. e.g. /b/ and /p/ in English: ‘bill’ vs. ‘pill’ Complementary Distribution: you can’t really switch the sounds. e.g. [k] and [k ] in English: ‘kill’ vs. ‘skill’ ʰ
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
10/6/09 Tests for Distribution types Minimal Pairs (Contrastive Distribution):
Background image of page 6
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: two words that are phonetically identical except for one segment, and which have different meanings. e.g. Pete and beat are minimal pairs for /p/ and /b/: [p i t ] and [bi t ] Caveat: do not be fooled by spelling. Words 10/6/09 Tests for Distribution Types (cont.) Phonological Patterns (Complementary [s ul] Seoul [ eke] world [saram] person [ ek m] taxes [susul] operation [ esu il] washroom [satan] division [ ihap] game [saek] color [ ikta ] dining room [sae] new [ ilsu] mistake [s ] [ ] 1 4 /s/ [ ] _e _i _V [-low, +front] #_ #_a #_u u_u #_a #_ae #_ae #_o o_ #_u e_u l_u #_e #_e #_e u_i #_i #_i #_i #_i k_i 10/6/09 Environments Position in a word or syllable Initial Medial Final Position relative to vowels/consonants Pre-...
View Full Document

Page1 / 8

Phonology - two words that are phonetically identical...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online