Topic 4 Lesson 2 - Lesson 2(Sugar Origin of sugar(sucrose some say New Guinea some say India In N America Columbus discovered in the West

Topic 4 Lesson 2 - Lesson 2(Sugar Origin of sugar(sucrose...

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° Lesson 2 (Sugar) : ° Origin of sugar (sucrose): some say New Guinea, some say India ° In N. America: Columbus discovered in the West Indies (1493-1496) ~15% of the plant(sugar cane) is sucrose Trade in Europe was rising Sugar was not as inexpensive as it is now Slavery took place in America; they would process the sugar canes Deficator: pot used to digest the cane material Grinding sugar cane in a windmill o Side story: Norbert Rillieux was able to get a US patent in 1846 Took advantage of the latent heat of H2O to lower overall temperatures; made it safer for workers/slaves ° Beet sugar: in much colder climates (Russia) but main production is still cane ° Cane sugar: needs 21 o C to grow ° Narrowing gap between global sugar production & consumption ° Main producers of: Brazil (31%), India (21%), E.U (European Union) (12%) ° Brazil, Cuba & USA are largest consumers ° China lowest consumer ° ° High Fructose Corn Syrup: Corn starch is made up of a polymer of glucose
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  • Spring '10
  • Multiple
  • Sucrose, Fructose, high-fructose corn syrup, sugar cane

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