Socio - Sociolinguistics Linguistics 101 General...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 10/6/09 Linguistics 101 Sociolinguistics
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10/6/09 General Dialectology Language vs. Dialect vs. Idiolect Social definition: “A language is a dialect with an army.” This means that languages are partly defined by the power of their speakers. Linguistics definition: When a speaker of Language A can understand Language B without studying it and a speaker of Language B can understand Language A without studying it,
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10/6/09 Dialect Mapping (Regional Dialects) Isoglosses: A line that divides an area where one linguistic feature is found from an area with a different linguistic feature. In Pennsylvania, two words are used “pail” and “bucket.” If we plot the use of “pail” with and the use of “bucket” with on the map, we can draw a line
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10/6/09 Dialect Variation Dialects can vary in any way: Phonological Variation (Accents) phonetic: [sa] vs. [s ] (different sounds) ɑ phonological: [k ] vs. [k ] (different rules) ʰɑɹ ʰɑ Morphological Variation “I was frozen” (SAE) vs. “I was froze” (Okie English) Syntactic Variation
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Socio - Sociolinguistics Linguistics 101 General...

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