Syn_Sem - Syntax & Semantics Linguistics 101...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 10/6/09 Linguistics 101 Syntax & Semantics
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10/6/09 Transformation Rules Syntax explains the relationship between sentences. Phrase Structure Rules create active, declarative sentences. What is the relationship between Sentence A and the other sentences: A: The children were kicking the soccer ball.
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10/6/09 Subj-Aux Inversion (Y/N Questions): CP C S did i NP t i VP I Didi Mary  t i go? did
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10/6/09 Wh-Movement CP NP j CP C did i VP t j… …XP… Whatj didi John  t i see  t j ? S NP t i I did
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10/6/09 Passive Transformation S N P VP N P V P P D N P N P N N Paol o gav e th e lette r t o Marcell a S t i/N Pj Au x V P NP i V P P D N P N P N N PP P t j Th e lette r wa s give n t o Marcell a by Paol o Rule: Follow the five steps below: Step 1: Insert the Aux “to be” (in the appropriate tense) under S. Step 2: Change the V to past participle form. Step 3: Insert a by-phrase with an empty object position.
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Syn_Sem - Syntax & Semantics Linguistics 101...

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