Syntax - S NP(Aux V P NP D(A N(PP(CP VP V(NP(NP(PP(CP PP P...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 10/6/09 Linguistics 101 Syntax
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10/6/09 What can Syntax Explain? Ungrammaticality Structural Ambiguity Meaning relations between parts of a phrase Structural paraphrases Relationships between sentences.
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10/6/09 Basic Concepts of Syntax Structure: groups of words have structure. Structure is created by arranging objects according to rules. Objects: lexical categories (N, V, etc.) Rules Phrase Structure Rules: tells us how to build a phrase. Transformations: tells us how to change an existing
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10/6/09 Phrase Structure Rules S ò NP (Aux) VP NP (D) (A)* N (PP) (CP) VP V (NP) (NP) (PP)* (CP) PP P NP CP ¶ C S Adv Ì [adjoin to S, V, or A]
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10/6/09 Tree Diagrams of PS Rules
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Unformatted text preview: S NP (Aux ) V P NP ( D ) (A )* N (PP) (CP) VP V (NP) (NP) (PP) (CP) PP P NP CP C S 10/6/09 Adjunction To adjoin an adverb, copy the category VP Adv VP go to the store. always 10/6/09 Sample Sentence Tree Th e gu y thati I sa w at th e clu b wa s dancin g in th e cag e S N P V P D N C P Au x V P P D P N P N C S N P V P N V t i P P P N P D N 10/6/09 A few other Samples S NP VP P A NP V PP N A D D N A The small cat climbed onto old the sofa Victorian 10/6/09 A Few other Samples S NP VP C V S V CP PP N D NP N P The woman P asked i f came connection wit h VP NP phone N on PP NP D D the N D A A a computer the wif i internet...
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Syntax - S NP(Aux V P NP D(A N(PP(CP VP V(NP(NP(PP(CP PP P...

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