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Unformatted text preview: Geog 102 Week 4
Global Population: Changing contexts and challenges Assignments For Week Demographic dilemmas facing different parts of the world Use/Map global data from this throughout the course http:www.prb.org/Datafinder.aspx About transitions in world population patterns: http://www.prb.org/Source/ACFFF4.pdf About China's population policy : http://www.afe.easia.columbia.edu/china/geog/population.htm#2c About long term impact of China's population policy: http://www.guardian.co.uk/china/story/0,,2246956,00.html About Japan's demographic crisis and solutions: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/01/06/AR2008 About the extent to which couples in wealthy, industrialized Countries will go to have children and the ethics of this privIlege: http://warner.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/01/03/outsourced-wombs/?scp=1-b& outsourced+wombs&st=nyt About the relationship between youthful populations and civil conflict: http://www.wilsoncenter.org/topics/pubs/PopAgeStructures&CivilConflict12 Assignments 2. Demographic Transition Model: What does it teach us? Text: 3(85-129) WWW: Read about the model: http://www.prb.org/LP/The_Demographic_Transition/LP3A3H1.pd 3. Case Study of India: UD: download/print these handouts for your use Terms D Terms E Map 6 Map 7 Map 8 Map 9 a. General overview of India's history and geography b. Demographic transition in India Population Reference Bureau http://www.prb.org/Datafinder.aspx Population Reference Bureau Use to gather data: On many population variables In many types of outputs Ranks Maps Graphs Terms D Population Density Crude Birth Rate (CBR)- Ratio of the number of live births in a single year for every thousand people in the population. Crude Death Rate (CDR)- The number of deaths in a single year for every thousand people in a population. Rate of Natural Increase Difference between the CBR and CDR, which is the surplus of births over deaths. Annual number of deaths of infants under one year of age compared to the total number of live births for that same year. Infant Mortality Rate Population Growth Change in population over time. Change in number of individuals in a population per unit time. CHOROPLETH MAPS USING DATA FINDER
Choropleth map: a map in which areas are shaded in proportion to the measurement of a variable (ex. population density , IMR, etc) Demographic Transition Model Definition: Replacement of high birth and death rates by low birth and death rates. Stage 1: High birth and death rates Stage 2: High birth rate; Death rate becomes lower Stage 3: Birth rate is lower than stage 2; death rate levels Stage 4: Birth rate and death rate about equal. Demographic Transition
Birth Rate/ 1000 of total population Death Rate/1000 of total population About 40-50 Stage Few Remote Groups
Liberia Sierra Leone Mali India Brazil Mexico China Germany Russia About 40-50 Stage 1 50 48 48 24 21 21 12 8 10 19 23 16 8 6 5 7 10 15 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 TRANSITIONS IN WORLD POPULATION
Re http://www.prb.org/S ad: ource FFF4.pdf /AC Arewee rie xpe ncing a population growth or a population de ? cline Growth: poore population within de loping countrie (why?) st ve s De : countrie in Europe havea "youth de cline s arth" (why?) Developed/Less Developed Countries DEVELOPED COUNTRIES: Demographic transition? Life expectancy : 45-50 (1900), 68 (1950), 77 (2000) IMR (infant mortality rate): below 60 (1950), below 10 (2000) What are the exceptions according to the reading? Factors of declining fertility? LESS-DEVELOPED COUNTRIES: Demographic transition? Life expectancy : 41 (1950), 63 (2000) IMR (infant mortality rate): 180 (1950), 61 (2000) Population Change and Region Increase in population for less developed regions In 2000, 20% of population in more developed regions and 80% of population in less developed regions with the majority of population in Asia From http://www.prb.org/Source/ACFFF4. pdf Population Pyramids Population Pyramids Youth Median Age ...
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- Spring '06