Week 12 - Week 12 Week Historical Geography of the...

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Unformatted text preview: Week 12 Week Historical Geography of the Historical US:18th-20th century settlement US:18 and development and This week… This 1. Location of resources and economic developmentnational scale 2. Lasting spatial inequalities at the national scale: why? – Regionalism/sectionalism in the US – 10 (403-449) – 2 (60-67) – 9 (379-381, 86-89) – – Terms G Maps 18 19 20 Text UD: Rostow’s Model Application with USA USA Stage 1-Pre-1500, “initial” environment, Stage population in equilibrium population – Subsistence agricultural society (preindustrial) – Production=consumption, no agric. Surplus Stage 2-1500-1840, “pre-conditions for take-off” – – – – – Env. Conditions favorable for sedentary agric. Pop. Settled on defensible site Stability and harmony over period of time Desire for higher standard of living Possibility for population growth Rostow’s Model (US) cont. Rostow’s Stage 3- 1840-1870, “Take-off,” Ag . Surplus, tech Stage innov., spatial organization and infrastructure. innov., – New modes of production (Ag and Manuf)- greater output, New increased efficiency and increased profits increased – Job specialization- new inventions, manuf, and resource Job exploitation exploitation – Ethnic linguistic unity- stable society (little or no warfare) – Infrastructure improved: investment of revenues into roads, Infrastructure canals, irrigation, bridges, housing, services, etc. More efficient transportation, decreased time and costs and increased profits transportation, – Spatial connectivity: with infrastructure improved so is access to Spatial resources, markets, new ideas, trading partners, more trade and increased profits. increased Rostow’s model (US) latter stages Rostow’s Stage 4- 1870s-1910s“Drive to maturity,” Stage Improving infrastructure, increasing capital. Improving – – – – – Political stability and economic expansion Capital investment in tech and education Long-term investments in health, welfare, env. Expansion of market areas, trade Reduction in costs of production and transportation to Reduction increase margin of profit, tax base, and revenues available for reinvestment (colonies, cheap labor, Panama Canal) Panama Rostow’s model (US) Rostow’s Stage 5- 1920s-today “mass consumption”: Continued Stage generation of capital and consumption generation – – – – – – – – – High degree of specialized tech Skilled literate, urban, healthy workforce High energy consumption High degree of material wants by population- production and High spending spending Growth of advertising and marketing/media Investment capital overseas and at home Increased spatial integration and job-regional specialization Optimal profits Economic and political protection of own nation USA physical map USA USA-Precipitation USA-Precipitation Zip Code Mapping Project Zip The zip codes you gave me are going to The be used to further focus on differences in development in your hometown. development – Is there inadequacies in development where Is you live you – Where are these regions located – Why are these regions present Mapping Project Mapping Check out the website (from Syllabus) – http://www.nytimes.com/packages/html/national/20050515 – Interactive graphic that shows how class works and Interactive what are the four components of class what Occupation Education Income Wealth Percentile Rankings Percentile Each of the four components will have a Each percentile ranking percentile – A ranking of what position you are in today’s ranking American society American For Example For Occupation: – Lawyer= 84th percentile Education: – Doctorate Degree= 99th percentile Income: – 100,000 year= 93rd percentile Wealth: Wealth: – 50,000-100,000= 55th percentile Average Percentile= – 83 rd percentile The census website (steps to get the info you need) the 1. Go to www.census.gov Go www.census.gov 2. On the left column, click the third one On down “American FactFinder” down 3. In the middle of the next page where it In says “Get a fact sheet for your community,” put in the zip code. Look for the variables in the table. 4. Answer questions about the data you 4. Answer retrieved retrieved You are going to: You Find out what percentiles different wage Find workers are and how they rank in US society society Compare zip codes on certain variables: – Your hometown zip code (Use 19711, Your (Newark) if not from USA) (Newark) – 19807 (Greenville, DE) – 21901 (Northeast, MD) – 19802 (Wilmington, DE) Mapping Project Mapping ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2009 for the course GEOG 102 taught by Professor Browning during the Spring '06 term at University of Delaware.

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