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Lecture_notes13_quietrevolution - Goals for today Start...

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1 Goals for today Start with survey – collecting data from our class Finish our discussion of the US educational system. In particular, why did high school-level education spread so quickly in US relative to Europe from 1910-1950? Lecture on rise of women’s labor force participation from 1900 to today. One important cause: growing importance of education and white collar work (“brains” over “brawn”). AUT NLD LUX DEU BEL CHE FRA IRL GBR DNK NOR SWE 0 20 40 60 80 100 Secondary Schlool Enrollment Rates, 15-19 yr. Full-time general Full-time technical Part-time technical Europe and the U.S.1955/56 United States 1955 Add part-time technical training: Europe almost catches up
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2 The “virtues” of the American high school system (Goldin and Katz) Decentralized decision making : 130,000 local school districts. Competition among districts for residents; local majority prevails. Academic (but not classical) curriculum : Terminal degree designed for office or skilled blue-collar work. Open system without tracks or entrance exams. barb2right Lowest common denominator. Lacking standards. Public funding through property taxation : Access regardless of family background. Taxation of an immobile factor. barb2right Inequities driven by segregation into rich/poor towns.
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