Lecture_notes13_quietrevolution - Goals for today Start...

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1 Goals for today • Start with survey – collecting data from our class • Finish our discussion of the US educational system. In particular, why did high school-level education spread so quickly in US relative to Europe from 1910-1950? • Lecture on rise of women’s labor force participation from 1900 to today. One important cause: growing importance of education and white collar work (“brains” over “brawn”). AUT NLD LUX DEU BEL CHE FRA IRL GBR DNK NOR SWE 0 20 40 60 80 100 Secondary Schlool Enrollment Rates, 15-19 yr. Full-time general Full-time technical Part-time technical Europe and the U.S.1955/56 United States 1955 Add part-time technical training: Europe almost catches up
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2 The “virtues” of the American high school system (Goldin and Katz) • Decentralized decision making : 130,000 local school districts. Competition among districts for residents; local majority prevails. • Academic (but not classical) curriculum : Terminal degree designed for office or skilled blue-collar work. Open system without tracks or entrance exams. b Lowest common denominator. Lacking standards. • Public funding through property taxation : Access regardless of family background. Taxation of an immobile factor. b Inequities driven by segregation into rich/poor towns. Why did US surpass Europe?: Comparing
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2009 for the course ECON 183 taught by Professor Boustan during the Winter '09 term at UCLA.

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Lecture_notes13_quietrevolution - Goals for today Start...

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