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class18 - Artificial Intelligence Extending the Mind Types...

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1 Artificial Intelligence Extending the Mind “Types” of technologies Dumb technology: human controls it • Smart: Interactive • Intelligent: can change its own behavior The promise of robots Term “robot” comes from 1921 Czech play, Rossum’s Universal Robots 1951: Japanese cartoonist introduces Tetsuwan Atom (Astro Boy)
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2 Artificial Intelligence (AI) Creating technology to “think” for us Modeling thought and mental processes Goal of AI Mapping the brain Neurons (pathways) Synapses (intersections of neurons) The Turing Machine Mathematician A.M. Turing (1936) – Developed a system of logic and mathematics – Plans for a machine that could simulate human thinking
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3 The Dartmouth Group (1956) A group of mathematicians, computer scientists, philosophers, etc. All trying to consider how mental processes could be modeled Development of cognitive science Why robots? Better than humans at repetitive work Don’t take coffee breaks or vacations
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