Anthropology 10

Anthropology 10 - Anthropology 001 Wednesday 10-24-2007...

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Anthropology 001 Wednesday 10-24-2007 Culture Learned behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, values, and ideals which are learned Culture Change Diffusion Movement of ideas Acculturation Two cultures come into contact and share ideas Migration The movement of people, ideas, and technologies Innovation Coming up with ideas that change culture Individual differences but agreement on common values, ideals, beliefs, and behaviors Culture itself can limit the range of individual variation Culture is adaptive to environment and what may be beneficial for one group may not be for another (Customs may be maladaptive) Elements or traits of a culture may be adjusted to or consistent with one another Melting Pot Come together as part of a whole Tossed Salad
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In the same place but can still be picked out Mosaic All part of the whole but still maintain different cultural identity Acculturation Contact with many different cultures Assimilation Forcing a dominant culture onto other cultures Annihilation The act of wiping out an entire culture similar to Nazi Germany Preservation of Culture Laws Laws that protect a culture from outside influences Taboos Ways that you act or behave according to culture Genocide Acceptance and encouragement of change Change may be beneficial Threats to culture, global and local People will not change until something forces them to change Terrorism Crime
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Crime generally increased with influx of immigrants, changes in climate Immigrants Worldwide people worry about immigrants overwhelming society Environment Warming trend in recent years Warfare Culture Shock Begin to miss home Immersed into a new cultural system Culture Clash Due to extremist view Typically more severe version of culture shock More violent Global Issues Disease Famine Warfare (Religious, Political) Poverty Education Intolerance/Hatred Cultural Systems (All interrelated)
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Subsistence Settlement Economics Politics Social Structure Kinship/Marriage Sex/Gender Religion/Healing Friday 10-26-2007 Movie Day Monday 10-29-2007 Economic Systems The norms governing production. Distributions and consumption of goods and services within a society Variation to economic systems is how to get food Private property, access to/allocation of resources Colonialism and Natives control over land reservations Resources into goods (Production) Non-specified technology, equal access to it in food collection and horticultural societies Collective ownership of machinery, etc. in agricultural communities: farms, governments (busses, airports, etc.). More common in communist and socialist countries than in capitalist countries Types of production
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Domestic Non agricultural societies, produce for your family and own consumption Industrial Go to work for a currency, larger populations Tributary Distributed throughout community through a central agent Telecommuting Do not leave home, however still maintain a industrial production Incentives for labor vary. Household consumption is the major reason More leisure time
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Anthropology 10 - Anthropology 001 Wednesday 10-24-2007...

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