lecture18 - Lecture 18 Enthymemes Patrick Maher Philosophy...

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Lecture 18 Enthymemes Patrick Maher Philosophy 102 Spring 2009
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Introduction Definition An enthymeme is a categorical syllogism that is missing a premise or a conclusion. Greek: en (in) + thymos (mind). To put an enthymeme in standard form we must supply the missing premise or conclusion. Principle of charity The supplied premise or conclusion should be one that makes the syllogism valid, unless it is more plausible that the arguer had something else in mind.
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Clues to use 1 If a conclusion is stated then the missing statement must be a premise. 2 If no conclusion is stated then the missing statement must be the conclusion. 3 The missing statement must contain the two terms that aren’t repeated in the given statements.
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Example The corporate income tax should be abolished; it encourages waste and high prices. Missing premise: Things that encourage waste and high prices should be abolished. Argument in standard form:
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2009 for the course PHIL 102 taught by Professor Weinberg during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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lecture18 - Lecture 18 Enthymemes Patrick Maher Philosophy...

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