Lecture 6. Learning_and_Personality_-_Color_-_ACE

Lecture 6. Learning_and_Personality_-_Color_-_ACE -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–16. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Today’s Overview s Learning r Classical Conditioning r Operant Conditioning r Learning by Observation s Personality r The Psychoanalytic Perspective r The Humanistic Perspective Learning Learning Module 21 – Classical Conditioning Module 22 – Operant Conditioning Module 23 – Learning by Observation Defining Learning s L e a r n i n g – a r e l a t i v e l y p e r m a n e n t c h a n g e i n a n o r g a n i s m ’ s b e h a v i o r d u e t o e x p e r i e n c e . s How do we learn? r By Association… r Learning by Observation s Learn from the behaviors and experiences of others. Association and Conditioning Classical Conditioning Two stimuli occur together (can opener = food) Operant Conditioning Relationship between behaviour & consequence Doing Chores = Allowance (reward) Associative Learning Certain events occur together Classical Conditioning s Ivan Pavlov, MD r Nobel prizes on digestion BUT Best known for “Pavlov’s Dogs” Pavlov’s Experiment Paradigm Unconditioned Stimulus (US) Unconditioned Response (UR) Pavlov’s Experiment Paradigm US UR Neutral Stimulus No Response Pavlov’s Experiment Paradigm Neutral Stimulus No Response US UR Unconditioned Response (UR) Unconditioned Stimulus (US) Neutral Stimulus Pavlov’s Experiment Paradigm Neutral Stimulus US UR Neutral Stimulus No Response US UR Neutral Stimulus Unconditioned Response Pavlov’s Experiment Paradigm Neutral Stimulus US UR Neutral Stimulus No Response US UR Conditioned Stimulus (CR) Conditioned Response (CR) Classical Conditioning: 4 Elements r Unconditioned stimulus (US) s A stimulus that naturally elicits a response r Unconditioned response (UR) s The natural response to a stimulus r Conditioned stimulus (CS) aka…Neutral Stimulus s An originally neutral stimulus that, through repeated pairing, will eventually elicit a response r Conditioned response (CR) s A learned response to a previously neutral stimulus s N O T E : T h e C R a n d t h e U R a r e t h e S A M E B E H A V I O U R Examples from Everyday: ADVERTISING Examples from Everyday: TASTE AVERSION s Thinking about hamburger (CS) elicits no bad response s Eating a hamburger w/ E.Coli (US) elicits vomiting (UR) s After pairing r Even the thought of eating a hamburger (CS) elicits nausea / vomiting (CR) s NOTE: the CR and the UR are the SAME BEHAVIOUR r Thought of a hamburger = conditioned stimulus r E.Coli in food = unconditioned stimulus r Nausea / vomiting s Unconditioned response when in response to US s Conditioned response when in response to CS Laws of Association s Intensity r The strength of any association depends on the vividness of the stimuli used s Contiguity or Timing r Events that occur at roughly the same time are associated r BUT the conditioned stimulus MUST occur before the unconditioned stimulus r The CS must predict the US for learning to occur Extinction If the bell (?) is presented repeatedly without food (?), it will eventually stop eliciting the conditioned response. Spontaneous Recovery...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/14/2009 for the course PSYCHOLOGY PSYCH 101 taught by Professor R.ennis during the Spring '09 term at Waterloo.

Page1 / 66

Lecture 6. Learning_and_Personality_-_Color_-_ACE -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 16. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online